A team of researchers from the University of Macau (UM), Nanjing Tech University, and Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, has announced a significant breakthrough, laying a theoretical foundation for high-efficiency and low-cost perovskite light emitting diode (LED). The research is said to be able to significantly improve the luminous efficiency of perovskite LED and have the potential to advance low-cost, high-efficiency LED displays and LED light sources.

The team discovered that the slow bimolecular recombination that drives 3D lead-halide perovskites' excellent photovoltaic performance is conversely a fundamental limitation for electroluminescence. The team found that the slow bimolecular recombination limitation can be overcome so that high-efficiency electroluminescence can be achieved.

According to the scientists, perovskites can pose promising alternatives to the organic molecules for OLED applications thanks to their low-temperature solution processability, large range emission color tunability, and low cost. UM's research can help to significantly improve the luminous efficiency of perovskite LEDs and promote the development and commercialization of this technology.

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