Researchers from China’s Xidian University have proposed a way to use waste lead from lead-acid batteries for the manufacturing of perovskite for solar cells. In their study, published in Nano Energy last month, the scientists described the proposed single one-step spin-coating method as a way to recycle the battery lead without causing secondary pollution.

Lead acetate produced from lead-acid battery for efficient perovskite solar cells image

The basic concept is to take the lead acetate Pb(AC)2 from the cathode and anode regions of the battery and mix lead-containing materials with acetic acid (CH3COOH). This simple process is said to deliver high-purity lead acetate (Pb(Ac)2), which works as an effective precursor material for solar cells based on halide perovskites.

The recovered lead was tested in the production of a heterojunction perovskite cell which had a conversion efficiency of 17.38%, the researchers stated.

The scientists suggested that, through this process, the perovskite achieves a better crystallization, yielding dense films with high light-harvesting efficiency. “In particular, the perovskite thin film derived from cathode has the largest particles and the least number of holes,” they said.

Compared to other expensive and energy-intensive methods used to recover lead from the batteries, the researcher say that this new approach has lower annealing temperature and shorter annealing time – which could result in lower costs and energy consumption.

“Our research is still limited to the laboratory,” the researchers admitted. But they believe that this new technique could get out of their lab to become a procedure suitable for the industry. “The single one-step spin-coating method can fabricate efficient perovskite solar cells with high repeatability,” they stated.