Researchers at Australia's University of Sydney, University of New South Wales, Macquarie University, Germany's Forschungszentrum Jülich, China's Southern University of Science and Technology ans Slovenia's University of Ljubljana have developed a perovskite-silicon solar cell design using a top perovskite PV device with an energy bandgap of 1.67 eV and a self-assembly monolayer based on carbazole. The tandem cell achieved a higher efficiency compared to counterparts without the monolayer and passed the IEC 61215 standard thermal cycling test.
The device is intended for applications as a top cell in perovskite-silicon tandem solar devices, where the upper cells must have a high energy bandgap to achieve output current matching. These top cells, however, suffer from a higher bandgap-voltage offset, due to non-radiative recombination and energetic misalignment between the perovskite and charge-selective layers. To address this issue, the team utilized a self-assembled monolayer (SAM) based on carbazole, which acts as an effective hole-selective layer (HSL). These SAMs were previously utilized in experimental solar cells and are commonly developed through a molecular glue added during processing in order to dramatically improve adhesion between the light-absorbing perovskite layer and the electron transport layer.