A collaboration between researchers at Stanford University and Arizona State University (ASU) resulted in a new perovskite-silicon tandem solar cell that converts sunlight to electricity with 23.6% efficiency. The team stated that work is being put into reaching 30% efficiency, and they believe that they "could be there within two years".
In the tandem cell created by Stanford and ASU, the top cell is composed of a perovskite compound and the bottom cell is made of silicon that is specifically tuned to capture infrared light. The perovskite and silicon cells boast efficiency of 15 and 21%, respectively. ASU provided the silicon bottom cell, while Stanford researchers fabricated the perovskite compound and subsequent cells. Throughout the yearlong collaboration, the ASU team also provided modeling support to design the tandem for maximum current generation, while the Stanford team characterized the tandem cells.