New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) and Toshiba have announced the world's largest film-based perovskite photovoltaic module. The module is 703cm2 (24.15 x 29.10cm) and achieves a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 11.7%, overcoming the difficulties of increasing size and efficiency at the same time.
The module was developed using the meniscus printing technology owned by Toshiba and a newly developed printing process. Toshiba developed the printing process for a larger module by controlling the chemical reaction between PbI2 and MAI on the substrate, using the ink composition as a mechanism. The company has also improved the uniformity of the layer thickness and increased the homogeneity of the crystal layer properties over a larger area, by controlling the process and adjusting the perovskite crystal growth conditions during the printing process. As a result, a PCE of 11.7% has been obtained on a module with an area of 703cm2, almost as large as 900cm2, the practical a scale.