Perovskite-Info: the perovskite experts

Perovskite-Info is a news hub and knowledge center born out of keen interest in the wide range of perovskite materials.

Perovskites are a class of materials that share a similar structure, which display a myriad of exciting properties like superconductivity, magnetoresistance and more. These easily synthesized materials are considered the future of solar cells, as their distinctive structure makes them perfect for enabling low-cost, efficient photovoltaics. They are also predicted to play a role in next-gen electric vehicle batteries, sensors, lasers and much more.

Recent Perovskite News

New project will utilize quantum computing to advance perovskite PV materials

A UK-based quantum software company called Phasecraft will lead a project modelling new perovskite-silicon materials for solar photovoltaics. The project, in collaboration with Oxford PV and scientists at University College London (UCL), is aimed to support the development of quantum computing to simulate “currently intractable problems” in PV materials modelling, according to a recent statement.

Not many details were given regarding the new project, which received an award from UK Research and Innovation’s Commercializing Quantum Technologies Challenge. It was, however, said that it will set out to develop a modelling capability that is tailored to the real-world needs of the PV industry.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 06,2022

New battery-solar cell design could charge wearable in seconds

Researchers from the University of Surrey's Advanced Technology Institute (ATI), KIOS Research and Innovation Center of Excellence at the University of Cyprus, China's Zhengzhou University, and the UK's National Physical Laboratory (NPL) have demonstrated a new photo-rechargeable system, which merges zinc-ion batteries with perovskite solar cells.

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New prototype battery needs seconds of sunlight to keep wearables charged

(a) device configuration and (b) working principle of the integrated flexible photo-rechargeable system. Credit: Energy Storage Materials

The new system could allow wearables to charge without the need to plug in. In fact, as little as thirty seconds of sunlight could boost the battery life of future smartwatches and other wearables by tens of minutes. The new environmentally friendly, photo-rechargeable system is unique because of its elegant design between the integrated battery and solar cell, allowing it to demonstrate high energy and volume density comparable to state-of-the-art micro-batteries and supercapacitors. 

Read the full story Posted: Aug 04,2022

Researchers use Polyaniline for improved perovskite solar cells

Scientists from Syracuse University, South Dakota State University and Huzhou University have examined the use of polyaniline as a material for improved perovskite solar cells. The team demonstrated a facile, low-cost fabrication route for polyaniline hole transport mechanisms that display enhanced power conversion efficiency compared to conventional PEDOT:PSS hole transport layers in perovskites. This could provide a route toward low-cost, high-efficiency perovskite solar cells.

PEDOT:PSS is a commonly used material in perovskites, used as a hole transport layer between the photoactive perovskite layer and indium tin oxide layer. Using PEDOT:PSS improves the power conversion efficiency of perovskite solar cells. However, several issues have been observed with PEDOT:PSS. One of the fundamental issues is the degradation of active layers and defect formation associated with the large particle size of this material. Moreover, the use of this material as a hole transport layer is hindered by issues with low electrical conductivity limits and cost.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 02,2022

2D perovskite passivation layer for efficient and stable perovskite solar cells

Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), Wuhan University of Technology and Foshan Xianhu Laboratory of the Advanced Energy Science and Technology Guangdong Laboratory have announced their success in manufacturing a high-efficiency, stable perovskite solar cell through a vacuum thin film deposition process.

Vacuum thin film deposition is a technique that is already widely used in the manufacture of large OLED TVs by evaporating raw materials in a vacuum and coating them thinly on a substrate. The perovskite solar cell developed this way displayed a photovoltaic-to-electricity conversion efficiency of 21.4%, which the team said is the highest among perovskite solar cells manufactured by vacuum thin film deposition process.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 01,2022

UNSW team outlines the threat that reverse-bias poses to perovskite solar cells

University of New South Wales (UNSW) team, led by renowned PV scientist Martin Green, have shown that perovskite solar cells may be especially susceptible to damage from reverse bias, caused by uneven shading or other issues that may appear in real-world environments. Both the reverse-bias itself and resulting build up of heat can cause several of the materials commonly used in perovskite solar cells to degrade, and these issues have received only limited attention in research published thus far. 

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Combatting temperature and reverse-bias challenges facing perovskite solar cells image

Stability issues with perovskite solar cells linger, despite impressive research achievements in the last few years. Much of the research focused on improving stability to date has focused on the issues that arise under normal operating conditions – for example sensitivity to oxygen and moisture, which can be solved through encapsulation, or degradation under UV light, which can be solved with reflective coatings. Other issues, however, may present serious challenges to developing perovskite devices that can function in outdoor conditions for years and even decades. “…thermal degradation and reverse-bias instability are remaining issues that pose challenges even for intrinsically much more stable silicon cells, suggesting that innovative approaches may be required to satisfactorily address these for perovskite cells”, explain the authors of the new paper.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 31,2022

Surface redox engineering approach enables high-performance large-area perovskite submodules

Researchers led by Prof. LIU Shengzhong from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have developed a facile surface redox engineering (SRE) strategy for vacuum-deposited NiOx to match the slot-die-coated perovskite, and fabricated high-performance large-area perovskite submodules.

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Surface redox engineering of vacuum-deposited NiOx for top-performance perovskite solar cells and modules image

Inverted PSCs could be even more valuable than their normal counterparts because the former have easily-mitigated hysteresis behavior and long-term durability. NiOx has been demonstrated as a promising hole transport material for inverted PSCs. But for most vacuum-processed NiOx films, the relatively hydrophobic surface attenuates the adhesion of perovskite ink, making it challenging to deposit large-area perovskite films.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 29,2022

Researchers design graphene oxide/silicon heterojunction solar cell with 18.8% efficiency

Researchers from Hebei University, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Chinese module manufacturer Yingli Green Energy Holding Co. Ltd. have reported a heterojunction solar cell based on graphene-oxide (GO) and silicon with a large area of 5.5 cm2.

GO is a compound of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen that is obtained by treating graphite with oxidizers and acids. It consists of a single-layer sheet of graphite oxide that is commonly used to produce graphene-related nanomaterials for various applications, including electronics, optics, chemistry and more. The scientists developed an ink made of GO mixed with Nafion, that can be spin-coated on an n-type silicon wafer to form a high-quality passivating contact scheme. “Low interface recombination is provided by the Nafion and carrier selection by the GO,” the team explained, noting that the passivation scheme also includes an electron-selective passivation contact comprising n-doped hydrogenated amorphous silicon with an indium tin oxide (ITO) overlayer aimed at improving light trapping and reducing surface recombination.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 28,2022

SETO grant to fund development of method for detecting perovskite defects during manufacturing

The U.S. Department of Energy Solar Energy Technologies Office (SETO) selected University of Arizona chemical and environmental engineering associate professor Erin Ratcliff for a $300,000 grant to advance the near-term scalability of perovskites.

“Perovskites are the highest-performing printable solar cell technology,” Ratcliff said. “But the operating hypothesis in the field is that defects are contributing to instability”. With the SETO grant, Ratcliff and her team will develop a method for detecting these defects during manufacturing. The low-cost, scalable method will help scientists understand the way different parts and materials of the manufacturing process may contribute to defects and instability, and, in turn, how to mitigate these effects. The grant is part of SETO’s Small Innovative Projects in Solar 2022 Funding Program, which funds targeted, early-stage ideas in solar energy research that can produce significant results within the first year of performance. Nineteen projects received a total of $5 million in funding.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 28,2022

Researchers study the optical, electronic, and magnetic properties of layered perovskite ceramic compounds

Researchers from Nagoya Institute of Technology in Japan have used a combination of experimental and theoretical methods to better understand the optical, electronic, and magnetic properties of complex solids of layered perovskite compounds. The approach is applicable to a wide range of functionalized crystalline ceramic compounds.

Urban areas without sufficient tree coverage are significantly warmer than their surroundings. This "urban heat island" effect mainly results from an absorption of near-infrared (NIR) radiation in sunlight. NIR-reflective pigments that can mitigate such heating effects are, therefore, highly desirable. In particular, functional inorganic pigments are attractive candidates on this front. In fact, Dr. Ryohei Oka and his colleagues from Nagoya Institute of Technology have demonstrated that layered perovskite ceramic compounds of the type A2BO4 are ideal for reflecting NIR. In his previous study, it was discovered that novel perovskites such as titanium-added calcium manganese oxide (Ca2(Mn,Ti)O4) ceramics are much better at reflecting NIR radiation than commercially available black pigments. However, the mechanism by which Ca2(Mn,Ti)O4 achieves this goal remains unknown.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 27,2022

Novel lamination process enables 20% efficiency of monolithic perovskite-silicon tandem cells

Researchers from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH in Germany have developed a monolithic perovskite-silicon solar cell with a power conversion efficiency of 20%, using a novel lamination approach.

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The lamination process and device architecture of the laminated monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells

The team investigated how this lamination process can be applied to perovskite/silicon tandem technology. They explained that the solar cells are the first prototypes and that lamination is a suitable alternative fabrication method for monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells. The lamination approach, they said, is particularly interesting for perovskite-based PV, as it notably increases the degree of freedom in the choice of materials and accessible deposition techniques.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 25,2022