Perovskite-Info: the perovskite experts

Perovskite-Info is a news hub and knowledge center born out of keen interest in the wide range of perovskite materials.

Perovskites are a class of materials that share a similar structure, which display a myriad of exciting properties like superconductivity, magnetoresistance and more. These easily synthesized materials are considered the future of solar cells, as their distinctive structure makes them perfect for enabling low-cost, efficient photovoltaics. They are also predicted to play a role in next-gen electric vehicle batteries, sensors, lasers and much more.

Recent Perovskite News

Printed flexible solar cells by CSIRO launched on Space Machine Company’s Optimus-1 satellite, as part of Space X’s Transporter-10 mission

Eight mini-modules of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization's (CSIRO) printed flexible solar cells were attached to the surface of Australia-based space transportation provider Space Machine Company’s Optimus-1 satellite, that was sent into orbit from the United States as part of Elon Musk’s Space X’s Transporter-10 mission.

A statement from the national science agency following the launch from Vandenberg Space Force Base in California explained that it is exploring such solar cells as a reliable energy source for future missions. Eight mini-modules of the printed flexible solar cells were attached to the surface of Optimus-1.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 05,2024

Researchers develop record efficiency triple-junction solar cells using cyanate

Researchers at the National University of Singapore (NUS), Beijing University of Technology, Suzhou Maxwell Technologies and Technical University of Munich have developed a triple-junction perovskite/Si tandem solar cell that can reportedly achieve a certified world-record power conversion efficiency of 27.1% across a solar energy absorption area of 1 sq cm, representing the best-performing triple-junction perovskite/Si tandem solar cell thus far. To achieve this, the team engineered a new cyanate-integrated perovskite solar cell that is stable and energy efficient.

Current multi-junction solar cell technologies pose many issues, such as energy loss which leads to low voltage and instability of the device during operation. To overcome these challenges, Assistant Professor at NUS, Hou Yi, led a team of scientists to demonstrate, for the first time, the successful integration of cyanate into a perovskite solar cell to develop a novel triple-junction perovskite/Si tandem solar cell that surpasses the performance of other similar multi-junction solar cells. 

Read the full story Posted: Mar 05,2024

Researchers use thin perovskite layers to improve stability and efficiency of perovskite solar cells

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) scientists, along with collaborators from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) and Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), have reported a new strategy to design perovskite solar cells (PSCs) that improves their stability and raises their efficiency.

Image credit: KAUST

Defects at the top and bottom interfaces of three-dimensional (3D) perovskite photo-absorbers diminish the performance and operational stability of PSCs due to charge recombination, ion migration, and electric-field inhomogeneities. In this recent work, the team demonstrated that long alkyl-amine ligands can generate near-phase pure two-dimensional (2D) perovskites at the top and bottom 3D perovskite interfaces and effectively resolves these issues.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 05,2024

Researchers report single-junction transparent perovskite solar cell with record voltage of 1.78 V

Researchers from the University of Stuttgart, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg and University of Victoria have reported 'the highest open-circuit voltage recorded to date' for a single-junction perovskite solar cell based on hybrid methylamine lead chloride (MAPbCl3). The novel perovskite absorber was fabricated with a two-step deposition method and annealing under molecular nitrogen (N2) gas inside a glovebox.

Image from: ACS Publications

The team fabricated a single-junction transparent perovskite solar cell based on hybrid methylamine lead chloride (MAPbCl3), a perovskite material with one of the highest energy bandgaps among all perovskites. The team stated that this new cell could open the door for wide bandgap perovskites solar cells, which will be important not just for applications like Internet-of-Things (IoT) or solar windows, but also multijunction solar cells. The new work is especially noteworthy as single junction perovskites with wide bandgaps have not yet reached high voltages before.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 04,2024

Researchers develop method for non-laser, all-vapor-phase processed perovskite solar modules stabilized by naturally formed barrier layers

Researchers at HZB's HySPRINT Innovation Lab, China's Tianjin University of Technology and Tianjin Institute of Power Sources have developed a non-laser additive method for manufacturing perovskite solar modules, in which an adjustable wire mask (AWM) was used to form the channels that were traditionally scribed by lasers. 

When module channels are made by conventional laser scribing, the heat-sensitive perovskite materials decompose, and the decomposition of perovskites in the open channel leads to reduced module stability. The electrode corrosion caused by the direct contact between the exposed perovskites and the metal electrode significantly increases the series resistance of the module. In this recent work, the team developed a non-laser additive method for manufacturing perovskite solar modules, in which an adjustable wire mask (AWM) was used to form the channels that were traditionally scribed by lasers. This method for making modules prevents contact between perovskites and electrodes. All layers, including perovskites, hole/electron transporting, and passivating and electrode layers, were fabricated via vapor-phase deposition, and by tuning the precursor composition, a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 21.7% was obtained (0.1 cm2). 

Read the full story Posted: Mar 03,2024

Wuxi UtmoLight reports 20.7% steady-state efficiency for its perovskite solar modules

Chinese perovskite PV manufacturer Wuxi UtmoLight has announced ‘a new world record’ for steady-state efficiency on large-size perovskite solar modules. It has achieved 20.7% efficiency on an 810 cm² module. The Company claims to have attained a certification to this efficiency level by China’s National Photovoltaic Industry Measurement and Testing Center. 

UtmoLight says it significantly improved the crystallization of perovskite films by regulating the stress of the perovskite bulk phase and interface during the process of film formation, without sharing other details. The Chinese company has been making efforts to establish industrial production of perovskite modules. Currently operating a 150 MW line in China, it aims to expand to a GW-scale perovskite PV production line.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 02,2024

Researchers use crown ethers to simultaneously prevent lead leakage and moisture degradation

Researchers at Korea's Pusan National University, Kyungpook National University, Switzerland's École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) and University of Fribourg have pioneered an approach that not only rectifies lead leakage but also focuses on interfacial passivation. The team used the method to achieve perovskite solar cells with 21.7% power conversion energy.

The presence of lead ions in perovskite solar cells not only causes lead leakage, which is hazardous to the environment, but in the presence of moisture, the perovskite tends to degrade. Multiple approaches have been suggested to resolve this issue, including encapsulating the device and compositional engineering of the perovskite light absorbers. The crown ether was found to assist in resisting degradation due to moisture for 300 hours at room temperature and 85 percent humidity. In the study, the researchers tested many crown ethers, but found that B18C6 was the best for interfacial passivation.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 01,2024

Researchers reveal ways to tune surface properties of perovskites

Researchers from MIT, University of Cambridge, University of Washington and Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology have reported a set of recommendations for how to tune surface properties of perovskites - ways to optimize efficiency and better control degradation, by engineering the nanoscale structure of perovskite devices - towards the commercialization of perovskite-based solar cells.

The recent work addresses the two main hurdles that have been plaguing perovskite solar cells: their longevity and the challenge of maintaining high efficiency across larger module areas.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 29,2024

Researchers determine if commercial scale production of perovskite is feasible from a material supply perspective

Researchers from Germany's Philipps-University Marburg, Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE, Fraunhofer Research Institution for Materials Recycling and Resource Strategies IWKS, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Sweden's Uppsala University have examined the question of availability of enough materials to produce perovskite PVs on the multi-terawatt-scale needed to make a significant contribution to climate change mitigation.

The scientists assessed the material demand for a multi-TW-scale perovskite PV production, identified potential supply risks for each material, and derived guidelines for further device optimization and material research. The study is based on a model for future multi-TW perovskite PV production that is coupled to an inventory of the most relevant materials used for PSC production. The team considered two factors of supply criticality, namely, mining capacity for minerals and the production capacity for synthetic materials. 

Read the full story Posted: Feb 28,2024

Researchers achieve 24.5% conversion efficiency of large area all perovskite tandem solar cells

Researchers from Nanjing University, University of Victoria and Australian National University have achieved a high conversion efficiency of 24.5% on large-size all-perovskite tandem solar cells. The result, which the team states is a new world record for the efficiency of all-perovskite tandem solar cells, has reporetdly been confirmed by an international third-party testing institute.

When a lead-tin perovskite is used instead of silicon as the narrow band gap cell in all-perovskite tandem solar cells, the result is often low film quality and device efficiency due to nonuniform nucleation and fast crystallization. In this recent work, the team shows that aminoacetamide hydrochloride can strongly coordinate the precursor components in solution, which homogenizes the crystallization process and also passivates the buried perovskite interface. The authors achieved a certified power conversion efficiency of 24.5% for a 20-square-centimeter module made by blade-coating the layers. 

Read the full story Posted: Feb 28,2024