Perovskite-Info: the perovskite experts

Perovskite-Info is a news hub and knowledge center born out of keen interest in the wide range of perovskite materials.

Perovskites are a class of materials that share a similar structure, which display a myriad of exciting properties like superconductivity, magnetoresistance and more. These easily synthesized materials are considered the future of solar cells, as their distinctive structure makes them perfect for enabling low-cost, efficient photovoltaics. They are also predicted to play a role in next-gen electric vehicle batteries, sensors, lasers and much more.

Recent perovskite News

OIST researchers boost the stability and scalability of perovskite solar cells

Researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have reportedly resolved a fundamental weakness in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Their innovations appear to improve both the devices' stability and scalability and could be key to commercializing PSCs.

OIST researchers boost the stability and scalability of perovskite solar cells  image

The study supports prior evidence that a commonly used material in PSCs, called titanium dioxide, degrades the devices and limits their lifetime. The researchers replaced this material with tin dioxide, a stronger conductor without these degrading properties. They optimized their method of applying tin dioxide to produce stable, efficient and scalable PSCs. "We need solar modules that can last for at least 5 to 10 years. For now, the lifetime of PSCs is much shorter," said Dr. Longbin Qiu, first author of the paper and a postdoctoral scholar in the OIST Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit, led by Prof. Yabing Qi.

UNIST team demonstrates new lead-free perovskite

A team of researchers from UNIST in South Korea has identified a tin-based perovskite which could open new possibilities for the application of lead-free perovskites in solar cells. The cesium-tin based double perovskite material, Cs2SnI6, had previously been identified as promising for use in solar cells, however little research into the perovskite’s surface properties had been carried out.

UNIST team demonstrates new lead-free perovskite image

The team created a three-electrode system allowing them to confirm that charge transfer occurred through the surface state of the material; and used this knowledge to engineer a Cs2SnI6 based organic dye sensitized solar cell.

European researchers to develop printed, efficient and stable perovskite PV modules

German and Greek scientists are working with industrial partners on the technological feasibility of making solar modules based on perovskite absorbers. The prototypes should be freely configurable in size, shape and color. The research project Printed Perovskite Modules for Building Integrated Photovoltaics – “Printpero” – is aimed at developing highly efficient and cost-effective solar modules.

European researchers to develop printed, efficient and stable perovskite PV modules image

The panels proposed would incorporate perovskite-based thin-film solar cells which achieve efficiencies of more than 23% in the laboratory, said the coordinator of the German-Greek research project, Germany’s Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT).

Korean research team develops translucent PeLEDs that can be folded

Researchers from the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) have developed perovskite LEDs (PeLED) which are flexible enough to be folded. A transparent material was used in the electrode of the device as a replacement for metal to ensure translucency.

Korean research team develops translucent PeLED that can be folded imageFlexible translucent PeLED maintains performance even when bending curvature is small

According to the team, PeLED is a kind of light emitting diode (LED) that emits light by injecting current into a compound. This device uses a perovskite material as an active layer that emits light by receiving electricity, and its advantages include high electron mobility, good color purity, and easy color control. However, conventional PeLEDs are low in flexibility and opaque due to limitations of metal electrodes.

Researchers create a field-effect transistor using a single-crystal, “paint-on” perovskite

An international team of researchers, led by Aram Amassian at North Carolina State University, has demonstrated the construction of field-effect transistors using a single crystal, hybrid perovskite semiconductor.

Researchers create a field-effect transistor using a single-crystal, “paint-on” perovskite image

While the design of perovskite solar cells has matured to the point of near-commercialization, making hybrid perovskites function as field-effect transistors has been more of a challenge. This is in part due to the fact that perovskite films typically consist of multiple crystals with random orientations that include grain boundaries and various kinds of defects in their atomic crystal lattices. These often limit how well charge carriers (electrons or “holes”) can move through them.

Perovskites act as efficient catalysts for aldehyde alkylations

A research team led by San Diego State University chemists Xiaolin Zhu and Yong Yan has shown that perovskite materials methylammonium lead tribromide and the cesium analog are not only two of the most studied solar-cell perovskites, but can also function as highly active photocatalysts for organic synthesis.

Perovskites catalyze aldehyde alkylations image

The researchers used standard methods to prepare the low-cost nanocrystal catalysts and explored their reactivity under blue-light illumination in tests with 2-bromoacetophenone and octanal. The reactions generated a mixture of products, including the aldehyde α-alkylation product, other C-coupling products, and dehalogenated acetophenone.

Perovskites found promising as spintronics materials, researchers develop two new perovskite spintronics devices

Researchers from the University of Utah have developed two spintronics devices based on perovskite materials. The researchers used these new devices to demonstrate the high potential of perovksites for spintronics systems. This is a followup to the exciting results announced in 2017 by the same group that showed advantages of perovskites for spintronics.

Perovskite spintronics LED wavelength (Utah University)

The researchers used an organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite material with a heavy lead atom that features strong spin-orbit coupling and a long injected spin lifetime. The first device was a spintronic LED, which worked with a magnetic electrode instead of an electron-hole electrode. The perovskite LED lights up with circularly polarized electroluminescence.