Perovskite sensors

Perovskites are materials that share a crystal structure similar to the mineral called perovskite, which consists of calcium titanium oxide (CaTiO3).

Depending on which atoms/molecules are used in the structure, perovskites can possess an impressive array of interesting properties including superconductivity, ferroelectricity, charge ordering, spin dependent transport and much more. Perovskites therefore hold exciting opportunities for physicists, chemists and material scientists.

Perovskite-sensors-types

Sensors are devices that detect events that occur in the physical environment (like light, heat, motion, moisture, pressure, and more), and respond with an output, usually an electrical, mechanical or optical signal. The household mercury thermometer is a simple example of a sensor - it detects temperature and reacts with a measurable expansion of liquid. Sensors are everywhere - they can be found in everyday applications like touch-sensitive elevator buttons and lamp dimmer surfaces that respond to touch, but there are also many kinds of sensors that go unnoticed by most - like sensors that are used in medicine, robotics, aerospace and more.

Traditional kinds of sensors include temperature, pressure (thermistors, thermocouples, and more), moisture, flow (electromagnetic, positional displacement and more), movement and proximity (capacitive, photoelectric, ultrasonic and more), though innumerable other versions exist. sensors are divided into two groups: active and passive sensors. Active sensors (such as photoconductive cells or light detection sensors) require a power supply while passive ones (radiometers, film photography) do not.

Perovskite materials’ host of exciting properties, such as being rather tolerant to defects (unlike metal chalcogenides) and not requiring surface passivation to retain high quantum yields, make them especially suited for sensing applications. The sensitivity, selectivity, and stability of many perovskite nanomaterials has directed many researchers to devote the most attention to chemical sensors, but perovskites are suitable for other types as well. Perovskites are being studied by numerous research groups for use in various types of sensors.

The latest Perovskite sensor news:

Researchers develop perovskite-based photodetectors with excellent efficiencies and response times

Researchers at the University of Toronto and the Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology recently reported new solution-processed perovskite photodetectors that exhibit remarkable efficiencies and response times. The photodetectors have a unique design that prevents the formation of defects between its different layers.

The researchers explained that there are applications for which fast photodetection is required in wavelength ranges beyond human vision. "Silicon, the legacy approach—and ideal for electronic readout—does not on its own unite high efficiency with high-speed, as a result of its indirect bandgap, a property of silicon's band structure that produces weak absorption (hence a need for thick silicon) in the near infrared", said University of Toronto's Amin Morteza Najarian. 

Read the full story Posted: Aug 30,2022

Researchers design flexible X-Ray detectors based on molecular perovskites

Researchers from China's University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) and Shaanxi Normal University have synthesized a new molecular perovskite, DABCO-CsBr3 (DABCO = N,N′-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octonium), for use in flexible X-ray detectors. The material was prepared from DABCO, CsBr, and HBr in aqueous solution and obtained in the form of colorless crystals.

The team found that DABCO-CsBr3 possesses good mechanical properties for use in flexible devices. Compared with the metal-free equivalent DABCO-NH4Br3, DABCO-CsBr3 has a stronger X-ray attenuation capability. The researchers built a flexible X-ray detector, using a poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) polymer matrix that was mixed with DABCO-CsBr3 to create a composite film. This film shows a linear relationship between the X-ray-induced current density and the X-ray dose rate. According to the team, the material could have applications in X-ray security screening systems or medical diagnostics.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 19,2022

Quantum Solutions starts offering evaluation samples of next-gen perovskite-QD based X-Ray Scintillators

UK-based Quantum Solutions started to ship evaluation samples of its next-gen perovskite quantum dots (pQD) X-Ray Scintillators. The company says that these scintillators offer very high sensitivity, high light output, high resolution, low afterglow and can be processed on large areas.

Perovskite quantum dots x-ray scintillator slide (QS)

Quantum Solutions started developing these materials in 2020, and already managed to increase the light output (brightness) 10 times over. The company says that this is due to the unique perovskite structure that allows to tune the properties by composition, particle sizes/shapes, ligands, etc. The product already matches the performance of commercial CsI(Tl) and GADOX scintillators. The company is working with key customers in the medical field and non-destructive testing field, and are continuing to develop and customize the product.

Read the full story Posted: Jun 13,2022

Perovskite material for use in high-speed ionizing radiation detectors

Scientists at Russia's NUST MISiS, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, the Russian Academy of Sciences, RTU MIREA and Italy's CHOSE (Centre of Hybrid and Organic Solar Energy) have developed a halide perovskite-based material for use in high-speed and highly sensitive ionizing radiation detectors.

Researchers develop a perovskite material for use in radiation-tolerant devices image

Perovskite responds to ionizing radiation in the form of light (luminescence) or current (as a photodiode). This is useful for high-speed and high-sensitivity components for high-energy particle registration. However, the structures inside the collider are exposed to high doses of radiation, which can damage them. Accordingly, components of ionizing radiation detectors must be resistant to such effects and retain their properties for a long time.

Read the full story Posted: May 27,2022

Researchers design halide perovskite nanocrystal memristors for neuromorphic computing

Researchers at ETH Zurich, the University of Zurich and Empa have developed a novel concept for a perovskite-based memristor that can be used in a far wider range of applications than existing memristors.

“There are different operation modes for memristors, and it is advantageous to be able to use all these modes depending on an artificial neural network’s architecture,” explains ETH postdoc Rohit John. “But previous conventional memristors had to be configured for one of these modes in advance.” The new memristors can now switch between two operation modes while in use: a mode in which the signal grows weaker over time and dies (volatile mode), and one in which the signal remains constant (non-​volatile mode).

Read the full story Posted: May 23,2022

Researches show how water can be a positive factor for perovskite crystal growth

Researchers from ARC Centre of Excellence in Exciton Science, Monash University, University of Sydney and CSIRO Manufacturing have shown how water could be the 'secret ingredient' in a simple way to create perovskite crystals.

Ordinarily, water is kept as far away as possible during the process of creating perovskites as the presence of moisture is severely harmful to them. That’s why perovskites for scientific research are often made via spin coating in the sealed environment of a nitrogen glove box. However, in their new work, the researchers have found a simple way to control the growth of phase-pure perovskite crystals by harnessing water as a positive factor. This liquid-based mechanism works at room temperature, so the approach remains cost effective.

Read the full story Posted: May 18,2022

An international team secures grant to develop perovskite-based X-ray detectors

A new project, one of eight that successfully secured funding from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI) ' Zelman Cowen Academic Initiatives (ZCAI), Australia this year, will focus on developing X-ray detectors from metal halide perovskite materials.

Associate Professor Guohua Jia, from Curtin University's School of Molecular and Life Sciences, said X-ray detectors based on metal halide perovskites are highly sensitive, enabling a very low detection limit, meaning they could lower medical expenses and reduce the risk of radiation to patients.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 03,2022

Researchers develop perovskite-based artificial retina

KAUST researchers have developed an artificial electronic retina based on perovskite materials, that can "see" in a similar way to the human vision system and can recognize handwritten digits.

The team designed and fabricated an array of photoreceptors that detect the intensity of visible light via a change in electrical capacitance, mimicking the behavior of the eye's rod retina cells. When the array was connected to an electronic CMOS-sensing circuit and a spiking neural network (a single-layer network with 100 output neurons), it was able to recognize handwritten numbers with an accuracy of around 70%.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 25,2022

Researchers use inkjet printing to produce a large range of photodetector devices based on a hybrid perovskite semiconductor

Researchers from Innovation Lab HySPRINT at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) and Humboldt Universität zu Berlin (HU) have used an advanced inkjet printing technique to produce a large range of photodetector devices based on a hybrid perovskite semiconductor.

Combinatorial Inkjet Printing for Synthesis and Deposition of Metal Halide Perovskites image

By mixing three inks, the researchers were able to precisely tune the semiconductor properties during the printing process. Inkjet printing is already an established fabrication method, allowing fast and cheap solution processing. Extending the inkjet capabilities from large area coating towards combinatorial material synthesis could open the door to new possibilities for the fabrication of different kinds of electronic components in a single printing step.

Read the full story Posted: Dec 21,2021

Researchers develop a thin and flexible perovskite-based scanner for fingerprints

Researchers from TNO at Holst Centre, Solliance and TU/e have jointly developed a thin and flexible perovskite-based scanner for fingerprints.

A thin and flexible scanner for fingerprints and documents based on metal halide perovskites image

Low-resolution image-sensor arrays have been demonstrated in the past, but the high-resolution, high pixel-count image sensors suitable for commercial applications have not yet been truly achieved. The thin and flexible scanner in this new work is based on metal-halide perovskites (MHPs). Gerwin Gelinck, Chief Technology Officer TNO at Holst Centre, elaborates on the new study: 'Perovskites are marvelous materials! For the first time we show that these materials are also very good for light imaging and sensing applications. When combined with display-like transistors, we made a scanner that can capture high-resolution color images as well as biometric fingerprinting'.

Read the full story Posted: Dec 13,2021