Researchers report self-assembled monolayer–based blue perovskite LEDs

Researchers from the University of Toronto, Peking University and Soochow University have studied the origins of unwanted emission in monolayer perovskite LEDs when the active layer thickness approaches ~5 nm and found that using available fabrication techniques results in a rough perovskite/HTL interface which leads to punch-through and direct electrical interaction between HTL and ETL (electron-transporting layer), and consequently, to undesired exciplex emission in LEDs.

The team sought to control monolayer interfaces in Rec.2100 primary blue perovskite LEDs and recognized that a well-defined, ordered, and compact monolayer film could suppress HTL/ETL interaction. They reasoned that this could be achieved if they could alter the polarity of the CsPbBr3 c-NC surface and thereby induce perovskite self-assembly down to the monolayer limit [i.e., self-assembled monolayer (SAM)] through the use of an HTL-compatible ligand. Self-assembled films with ordered nanocrystal arrangement maximize the interactions between nanocrystals and provide homogeneity needed for monolayer films with ~5-nm thickness.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 09,2023

Researchers design novel quantum random number generation based on a perovskite light emitting diode

Researchers from Linköping University in Sweden and Universidad de Concepción in Chile recently designed a new type of random number generator for encryption, based on Perovskiye LEDs. The new technology could make digital information exchange safer, cheaper and more environmentally friendly and even pave the way for a new type of quantum communication.

To encrypt information, a random number generator is used, which can either be a computer program or the hardware itself. The random number generator provides keys that are used to both encrypt and unlock the information at the receiving end. Different types of random number generators provide different levels of randomness and thus security. Hardware is the safer option as randomness is controlled by physical processes. And the hardware method that provides the best randomness is based on quantum phenomena – what researchers call the Quantum Random Number Generator, QRNG.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 05,2023

Researchers develop ballpoint pens that can write perovskite LEDs on diverse substrates

Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and  Florida State University have developed a versatile, scalable and eco-friendly handwriting approach to draw multicolor perovskite light-emitting diodes and perovskite photodetectors on various substrates, including paper, textiles, plastics, elastomers, rubber and three-dimensional objects. 

The team's method uses common ballpoint pens filled with newly formulated inks of conductive polymers, metal nanowires and multiple perovskites for a wide range of emission colors. Just like writing with multicolored pens, writing layer-by-layer with these functional inks enables perovskite optoelectronic devices to be realized within minutes.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 12,2023

Researchers explore the effects of a molecular additive for perovskite LEDs

Researchers from Stanford University and Mississippi State University recently explored the potential of Mn2+-doped perovskite LEDs (PeLEDs) for lighting and display applications. 

By introducing a molecular additive, tris(4-fluorphenyl)phosphine oxide (TFPPO), Mn2+-doped PeLEDs achieved a peak external quantum efficiency of 14.0% and peak luminance (i.e., brightness) of 128,000 cd/m2. These high efficiencies and brightnesses suggest that Mn2+-doped PeLEDs could be implemented in lighting or display applications. However, device stability is also important to consider. The team found that introducing TFPPO compromises the stability of Mn2+-doped PeLEDs—a decrease from 37.0 to 2.54 min. By analyzing both the optoelectronic and photophysical characteristics of Mn2+-doped PeLEDs before and after device operation, the scientists reported insights into this efficiency-stability trade-off.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 05,2023

Researchers use perovskites to design LEDs that reveal rot in food before it is visible

Researchers at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) have developed new LEDs which emit light simultaneously in two different wavelength ranges, for a simpler and more comprehensive way to monitor the freshness of fruit and vegetables.

 The team explains that modifying the LEDs with perovskite materials causes them to emit in both the near-infrared range and the visible range, a significant development in the contact-free monitoring of food. Angshuman Nag and his team at the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) are proposing a perovskite application in LED technology that could simplify the quality control of fresh fruit and vegetables.

Read the full story Posted: Jul 17,2023

Researchers develop perovskite LEDs with an external quantum efficiency exceeding 30%

Researchers from Xiamen University and China Jiliang University have reported ultrahigh-efficiency green PeLEDs with quantum efficiencies surpassing a milestone of 30% by regulating the charge carrier transport and near-field light distribution to reduce electron leakage and achieve a high light outcoupling efficiency of 41.82%. 

The scientists applies Ni0.9Mg0.1Ox films with a high refractive index and increased hole carrier mobility as the hole injection layer to balance the charge carrier injection and insert the polyethylene glycol layer between the hole transport layer and the perovskite emissive layer to block the electron leakage and reduce the photon loss.

Read the full story Posted: Jun 04,2023

Stanford team shows how water additives improve the efficiency of violet perovskite light-emitting diodes

Researchers from Stanford University have reported a novel way to improve the performance of perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) in the violet region. The new method could represent a promising step toward cost-effective and efficient ultraviolet PeLEDs.

By engineering the crystallization process of spin-coated 2D perovskites with water, the resulting PeLEDs exhibit bright violet emission at 408 nm with an external quantum efficiency of 0.41%, a 5-fold increase over control devices. 

Read the full story Posted: Jun 02,2023

Researchers design ITO-free silicon-integrated perovskite electrochemical cell for light-emission and light-detection

Researchers from Russia's Alferov University, ITMO University, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology and China's Qingdao Innovation and Development Center have developed a novel design for a perovskite electrochemical cell for light-emission and light-detection, where the active layer consists of a composite material made of halide perovskite microcrystals, polymer support matrix, and added mobile ions.

Schematic diagrams of (a) the typical PeLED device structure, where CTL - charge transfer layer, QD - quantum dots and (b) the team's PeLEC device structure, where SWCNT - single-walled carbon nanotubes. Image from Opto-Electronic Advances.


The team explained that while halide perovskite light-emitting devices exhibit exceptional properties such as high efficiency, high color purity, and broad color gamut, their industrial integration generally suffers from the technological complexity of devices' multilayer structure alongside in-operation induced heating poor stability. Halide perovskite light-emitting electrochemical cells are a novel type of perovskite optoelectronic device that differs from the perovskite light-emitting diodes by a simple monolayered architecture. 

Read the full story Posted: May 14,2023

Perovskite-Info launches a new edition of its Perovskite for Displays Market Report

Perovskite-Info is proud to announce an update to our Perovskite for the Display Industry Market Report. This market report, brought to you by the world's leading perovskite and OLED industry experts, is a comprehensive guide to next-generation perovskite-based solutions for the display industry that enable efficient, low cost and high-quality display devices. The report is now updated to May 2023, with all the latest commercial and research activity.

Reading this report, you'll learn all about:

  • Perovskite materials and their properties
  • Perovskite applications in the display industry
  • Perovskite QDs for color conversion
  • Prominent perovskite display related research activities

The report also provides a list of perovskite display companies, datasheets and brochures of pQD film solutions, an introduction to perovskite materials and processes, an introduction to emerging display technologies and more.

Read the full story Posted: May 11,2023

Researchers fabricate full-color flexible microLEDs using perovskite QDs

Researchers from Korea's KIMM institute have fabricated full-color flexible microLED devices, using blue LEDs and perovskite quantum dot color conversion layers. The demonstrated device featured  1 mm pixel pitch LEDs (25.4 PPI) and could be bent with a radius of 5 mm without being damaged.

Flexible perovskite QD microLED array (KIMM)

The researchers used a perovskite-QD and siloxane composite using ligand exchanged PQD with silane composite followed by surface activation by an addition of halide-anion containing salt. Due to this surface activation, the researchers say that it was possible to construct the PQD surface with a silane ligand using a non-polar organic solvent that does not damage the PQD. As a result, the ligand-exchanged PQD with a silane compound exhibited high dispersibility in the siloxane matrix and excellent atmospheric stability.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 28,2023