Researchers report positive results from tests with low-cost fluorene-xantene-based HTM

Researchers at the University of Rome Tor Vergata's Centre for Hybrid and Organic Solar Energy (CHOSE) and ISM-CNR have tested a commercially available HTM with a new core made by low-cost fluorene–xantene units. The experimentation was conducted on small (0.09 cm2) and large area (1.01 cm2) cells.

The one-pot synthesis of this compound is said to drastically reduce its cost compared with the commonly used Spiro-OMeTAD. The optoelectronic performances and properties were characterized through JV measurement, IPCE (incident photon to current efficiency), steady-state photoluminescence and ISOS stability test. SEM (scanning electron microscope) images reveal a uniform and pinhole free coverage of the X55 HTM surface, which reduces the charge recombination losses and improves the device performance relatively to Spiro-OMeTAD from 16% to 17%. The ISOS-D-1 stability test on large area cells without any encapsulation reports an efficiency drop of about 15% after 1000 h compared to 30% for the reference case.

Researchers use Cesium-doped Ti3C2Tx MXene for efficient and thermally stable perovskite solar cells

Researchers from The University of Queensland, EPFL, Griffith University and NIMS have studied how doping can help in overcoming some of perovskite solar cells' drawbacks. The researchers found that the efficiency and thermal stability of the doped cells significantly outperformed those that were not doped.

Cesium-doped Ti3C2Tx MXene for efficient and thermally stable perovskite solar cells image

“The PSCs that had doped cells showed a remarkable solar conversion efficiency that exceeded 21 per cent,” the team reported.

New interface engineering approach could improve perovskite solar cells' efficiency and stability

Scientists from École Polytechnique Fedérale de Lausanne (EPFL), University of Luxembourg, Empa-Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology and CNRS have demonstrated a simple approach to designing the interface between two layers in a perovskite solar cell, improving both the performance and stability of the device.

Solar cells fabricated by the group achieved 23.4% conversion efficiency, and were operated for close to 6,000 hours before degrading beyond 80% of this initial value.

ITMO team develops perovskite NCs with enhanced water stability for bio-imaging applications

ITMO scientists have created perovskite nanocrystals that preserve their unique optical properties in water and biological fluids. This material could offer new opportunities for the optical visualization of biological objects and promote the investigation of internal organs in living organisms and monitoring of diseases.

ITMO Scientists Create Water-Resistant Perovskite Nanocrystals for Studying Living Cells image

Nanomaterials based on halide perovskites hold great potential for use in bioimaging: perovskite nanoparticles can be potentially applied for visualization purposes in order to study biological processes in cells and living organisms. However, the main limitation that prevents their application as luminescent markers is their instability in aqueous solutions.

Researchers stabilize perovskites in MOFs for use in LEDs

Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DoE) Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Taiwan's Academia Sinica have reported the preparation of stable perovskite nanocrystals for LEDs.

Bright and stable LEDs made with perovskite nanocrystals imageLight-emitting diodes made from perovskite nanocrystals (green) embedded in a metal-organic framework. Image from Phys.org

Perovskite nanocrystals' unstable nature has so far hindered their potential to be used as LED materials. However, the research team managed to stabilize the nanocrystals in a porous structure called a metal-organic framework, or MOF for short. Based on earth-abundant materials and fabricated at room temperature, these LEDs could one day enable lower cost TVs and consumer electronics, as well as better gamma-ray imaging devices and even self-powered X-ray detectors with applications in medicine, security scanning and scientific research.