Researchers design ionic liquid-based perovskite solar cell with 22.86% efficiency

Researchers from EPFL, Tianjin University, Nanjing Tech University, The University of Tokyo, Shanghai University and Toyota Motor Corporation have used ionic liquids (ILs) with halide anions as additives to improve the performance and stability of a perovskite solar cell.

Ionic liquid-based perovskite solar cell with 22.86% efficiency imageImage from study in Cell Reports Physical Science

Ionic liquids are viewed as a "greener" alternative to organic solvents due to their lower volatility and flammability, as well as to their wide liquid-state window.

Researchers design functionalized interfaces for highly efficient inverted perovskite solar cells

A research team, co-led by scientists from City University of Hong Kong (CityU) and Imperial College London, has developed highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells.

Among the different types of perovskite solar cells, those with an inverted design configuration have exhibited exceptional stability, making them good candidates to reach the lifetime of commercial silicon solar cells. However, perovskite materials include chemically reactive components, which can easily volatilize and degrade under high temperature and humidity, shortening the solar cells’ operational lifetime. Also, there is still a need for strategy to enhance the efficiency of inverted perovskite solar cells up to 25% to rival that of silicon solar cells, while maintaining their stability.

Researchers turn to quantum mechanics to achieve efficient and stable inverted perovskite solar cells

Researchers from the University of Toronto and their international collaborators have leveraged quantum mechanics to optimize the active layer within an inverted perovskite solar cell.

"Perovskite crystals are made from a liquid ink and coated onto surfaces using technology that is already well-established in industry such as roll-to-roll printing," says Hao Chen, a post-doctoral researcher in Sargent's lab and one of four co-lead authors of a new paper published in Nature Photonics. "Because of this, perovskite solar cells have the potential to be mass produced at much lower energy cost than silicon. The challenge is that right now perovskite solar cells lag traditional silicon cells in stability. In this study, we aimed to close that gap."

Tin perovskite solar cells achieve improved stability thanks to additives

A research team, led by Professor Iván Mora Seró from the Institute of Advanced Materials (INAM) of the Universitat Jaume I of Castelló, has improved the efficiency and durability of tin perovskite solar cells. The cells presented in the recent study exceeded 1,300 hours of operational stability, thanks to the incorporation of additives in the preparation of the devices.

Improved stability of tin PSCs achieved via additives image

Tin-based halide perovskites are being studied as potential candidates for lead-free perovskite solar cells. In the case of tin, an efficiency of more than 14% has been achieved so far, but it has major stability problems. This new work has introduced a combination of dipropylammonium iodide and sodium borohydride, two additives that have made it possible to prepare devices with PCEs of more than 10%, which boast greater stability and have maintained 96% of the initial PCE after 1,300 hours under solar illumination in a nitrogen atmosphere.

Researchers address the issue of perovskite solar cells' stability

Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering, along with colleagues from five other universities around the world, have discovered a major reason why perovskite solar cells degrade in sunlight, causing their performance to suffer over time.

Researchers find solutions for PSC stability issue image

The team demonstrated a simple manufacturing adjustment to fix the cause of the degradation, addressing one of the biggest hurdles toward the commercialization of the perovskite-based solar cell technology.