Transistors

Researchers develop perovskite-based multifunctional logic gates

Researchers at KIST and Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), led by Dr. Yusin Pak at the Sensor System Research Center (KIST) and Professor Gun Young Jung at the School of Materials Science and Engineering (GIST), have developed ultra-high-speed, high-efficiency optoelectronic logic gates (OELGs) by using organic-inorganic perovskite photodiodes.

Demand is increasing for computers that can quickly calculate and process large amounts of information, as artificial intelligence, self-driving cars, drones, and metaverse technologies are drawing attention as core industries of the future. However, electronic semiconductor logic gates, which serve as the brains of computers, have limited capacity in high-speed data calculation and processing, and have disadvantages in that they consume a lot of energy and generate considerable heat.

Read the full story Posted: May 03,2022

Researchers create high-performance inorganic metal halide perovskite transistors

A team of researchers from Pohang University of Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China and Sungkyunkwan University has improved the performance of a p-type semiconductor transistor, using inorganic metal halide perovskite.

One of the biggest advantages of the new technology is that it enables solution-processed perovskite transistors to be simply printed as semiconductor-like circuits.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 27,2022

Researchers synthesize a previously theoretical nitride perovskite

Scientists at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have experimentally synthesized a nitride perovskite material that previously only existed in theory and measured its properties in collaboration with researchers at the Colorado School of Mines.

Synthesis of LaWN3 nitride perovskite with polar symmetry image

The new material could theoretically be used for microelectromechanical devices such as the ones used in telecommunications and other areas. Nitride perovskites have been computationally predicted to be stable, but not many have been synthesized, and their experimental properties remain largely unknown, the researchers explained in their new article.

Read the full story Posted: Dec 20,2021

Researchers develop a thin and flexible perovskite-based scanner for fingerprints

Researchers from TNO at Holst Centre, Solliance and TU/e have jointly developed a thin and flexible perovskite-based scanner for fingerprints.

A thin and flexible scanner for fingerprints and documents based on metal halide perovskites image

Low-resolution image-sensor arrays have been demonstrated in the past, but the high-resolution, high pixel-count image sensors suitable for commercial applications have not yet been truly achieved. The thin and flexible scanner in this new work is based on metal-halide perovskites (MHPs). Gerwin Gelinck, Chief Technology Officer TNO at Holst Centre, elaborates on the new study: 'Perovskites are marvelous materials! For the first time we show that these materials are also very good for light imaging and sensing applications. When combined with display-like transistors, we made a scanner that can capture high-resolution color images as well as biometric fingerprinting'.

Read the full story Posted: Dec 13,2021

Correlated electrons ‘tango’ in a perovskite oxide at the extreme quantum limit

A team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Florida State University, Argonne National Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh Quantum Institute and Sungkyunkwan University has found a rare quantum material in which electrons move in coordinated ways, essentially 'dancing.'

Straining the material creates an electronic band structure that sets the stage for exotic, more tightly correlated behavior ' similar to tangoing ' among Dirac electrons, which are especially mobile electric charge carriers that may someday enable faster transistors.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 30,2021

Researchers manage to design perovskite field-effect transistors by ion transport mitigation

Researchers from the UK's University of Bath and Germany's Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research have developed a way to make perovskite-based components for low-cost electronics.

The physicists have found a way to make perovskite-based transistors, while overcoming the problem of the material's ion content interfering with the flow of electronic current through a transistor. This breakthrough may pave the way for research into greener electronic components for low-cost electronic devices.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 18,2021

Researchers gain a better understanding of the role of organic cation conformation in optimizing the optoelectronic properties of 2D OIHPs

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites (OIHPs) have great potential for various applications like solar cells, lighting-emitting diodes (LEDs), field effect transistors (FETs) and photodetectors. Among their most important parameters influencing the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of devices based on perovskite materials is their carrier mobility. However, despite massive progress made by introducing new components into the structure to control the mobility of the carriers, the understanding on the atom level of how the components affect the performance is still lacking.

To address this problem, a research team led by Prof. Luo Yi and Prof. Ye Shuji from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has synthesized a series of 2D OHIPs films with large organic spacer cations.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 24,2020

Korean researchers win UDC's Innovative Research and Pioneering Technology Award for perovskite transistors study

Researchers from Pohang University of Science and Technology in Korea have received Universal Display Corporation's 2020 Innovative Research and Pioneering Technology Award in Organic Electronics & Display, for their work 'High-Performance and Reliable Lead-Free Layered-Perovskite Transistors'. Universal Display (UDC) is a large OLED research company, considered to be a pioneer in field.

In their work, the scientists explain that despite extensive examination of perovskites' potential use in solar cells and light'emitting diodes, research on their applications in thin'film transistors (TFTs) has drawn less attention despite their high intrinsic charge carrier mobility. In this study, the universal approaches for high'performance and reliable p'channel lead'free phenethylammonium tin iodide TFTs are reported.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 25,2020

Researchers discover that adding a certain molecule to the mix can give perovskites significant stability

A Purdue University-led research team discovered that adding a rigid bulky molecule ' bithiophenylethylammonium ' to the surface of a perovskite stabilizes the movement of ions, preventing chemical bonds from breaking easily. The researchers also demonstrated that adding this molecule makes a perovskite stable enough to form clean atomic junctions with other perovskites, allowing them to stack and integrate.

'If an engineer wanted to combine the best parts about perovskite A with the best parts about perovskite B, that typically can't happen because the perovskites would just mix together,' said Brett Savoie, a Purdue assistant professor of chemical engineering. 'In this case, you really can get the best of A and B in a single material. That is completely unheard of.'

Read the full story Posted: May 05,2020

Berkeley team creates perovskite blue LED and illustrates both limitations and potential of perovskite semiconductors

University of California, Berkeley, scientists have created a blue light-emitting diode (LED) from halide perovskites, overcoming a major barrier to using these cheap, easy-to-make materials in electronic devices.

In the process, however, the researchers discovered a fundamental property of halide perovskites that may prove a barrier to their widespread use as solar cells and transistors. Alternatively, this unique property may open up a whole new world for perovskites far beyond that of today's standard semiconductors.

Read the full story Posted: Jan 26,2020