Researchers rely on machine learning predictions for efficient perovskite solar cell development

Researchers at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai University of Electric Power and Shandong Normal University have addressed the traditional trial-and-error method for preparing high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by introducing a goal-driven approach that integrates machine learning and data mining techniques to rapidly screen high-efficiency PSCs based on key features. 

By predicting high-efficiency PSCs and identifying the dominant factors affecting their performance, namely the perovskite bandgap and the total thickness of the electron transport layer (ETL), this research aims to provide valuable insights for optimizing preparation processes and advancing the development of high-efficiency PSCs, thus significantly contributing to the renewable energy sector.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 10,2024

Unlocking the Potential of Perovskite Manufacturing with Vacuum Evaporation Tools

This is a sponsored post by MBRAUN

In the quest for cleaner, more efficient energy sources, perovskite solar cells have proven to be a promising prospect. Their exceptional efficiency, low-cost production and versatility make them a promising candidate for revolutionizing the renewable energy. However, the road to mass adoption faces hurdles, one of which is the need for precise and efficient manufacturing processes. Here's where vacuum evaporation tools shine as indispensable assets in the production of perovskite solar cells.

Precision Engineering for Optimal Performance

At the heart of perovskite solar cell fabrication lies the deposition of thin films with utmost precision under highly controlled conditions. MBRAUN evaporation tools from the PEROvap series offer unparalleled control over the deposition process, ensuring the uniformity and consistency essential to maximize solar cell efficiency. Addressing the volatility of most used Perovskite materials PEROvap systems are designed to control the temperature of the chamber, the substrate holder, the sources and the quartz crystals precisely from -40°C up to room. This avoids unwanted re-evaporation of already deposited materials and stabilizes the overall evaporation process. By vaporizing the material under vacuum conditions and depositing it onto the substrate, PEROvaps also eliminate impurities and defects that could affect performance, resulting in high-quality perovskite films with superior optoelectronic properties.

Learn more about the vacuum coating solutions from MBRAUN

Read the full story Posted: Apr 08,2024

Verde Technologies reports technology milestones and secures investment

According to a recent announcement, Verde Technologies has attracted investment from multiple venture funds and industry veterans. Most notably, the former CEO of GE Power, Steve Bolze, has joined Verde as an investor and advisor to support the company’s continued growth.

“Verde stood out to me because of the pace at which the team is able to make progress toward changing the solar paradigm. It is clear that solar energy will play a dominant role in the renewable energy transition, especially with the tailwinds of recent legislation such as the Inflation Reduction Act.” says Bolze. “Verde’s team and technology are poised to make solar manufacturing and deployment simpler, lower cost, and more accessible.”

Read the full story Posted: Apr 07,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cell based on tin-lead top device

Researchers from China's Wuhan University and South China Normal University have developed a two-terminal (2T) monolithic all-perovskite tandem solar cell that uses a tin-lead (Sn-Pb) perovskite material for the top cell.

The team explained that mixed Sn-Pb perovskites have a narrow bandgap (NBG) of approximately 1.26 eV, which makes them ideal for efficient light harvesting and current-matching with wide bandgap (WBG) subcells in all-perovskite tandem cells.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 07,2024

Researchers develop self-polarized RGB device based on micro-LEDs and perovskite-in-polymer films for backlight applications

Researchers from China's Xiamen University, Innovation Laboratory for Sciences and Technologies of Energy Materials of Fujian Province (IKKEM), Yang Ming Chiao Tung University and Hon Hai Research Institute have reported a self-polarizing RGB device utilizing semipolar micro-LEDs and perovskite-in-polymer films aimed at improving backlight applications.

Structure of an LCD based on semipolar blue μLEDs excite anisotropic perovskite NCs as backlight. Image from Opto-Electronic Advances

In backlighting systems for LCDs, conventional red, green, and blue (RGB) light sources that lack polarization properties can result in a significant optical loss of up to 50% when passing through a polarizer. To address this inefficiency and optimize energy utilization, the scientists developed a high-performance device designed for RGB polarized emissions. The device uses an array of semipolar blue µLEDs with inherent polarization capabilities, coupled with mechanically stretched films of green-emitting CsPbBr3 nanorods and red-emitting CsPbI3-Cs4PbI6 hybrid nanocrystals. 

Read the full story Posted: Apr 05,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-CIGS tandem solar cell on conductive steel substrate

Researchers at the University of Sydney, Microsolar, University of New South Wales and MiaSolé Hi-Tech Corp. have reported a monolithic perovskite–CIGS tandem solar cell on a flexible conductive steel substrate with an efficiency of 18.1%, the highest for a flexible perovskite–CIGS tandem to date, representing an important step toward flexible perovskite-based tandem photovoltaics.

The advantage of the flexible and conductive steel substrate is that the steel itself can act as both a substrate and an electrode for either large-area-monolithic-panel or smaller-area-singular single-junction or multi-junction cell fabrication.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 04,2024

Energy America partners with German manufacturer to introduce perovskite solar cell technology to product line

Energy America, a leading solar module manufacturer based in the USA, has announced a new partnership with a German manufacturing and R&D station to incorporate perovskite solar cell (PSC) technology into their product line. This move is expected to significantly increase the power and efficiency of Energy America's solar cells, while also promoting sustainable energy solutions.

By partnering with a German manufacturer and R&D station, Energy America is taking a major step towards incorporating this cutting-edge technology into their product line. While the manufacturing and research for the PSCs will be done in Germany, Energy America has made it clear that all module design will be performed in America. This partnership not only benefits Energy America, but also strengthens the relationship between the USA and Germany in the renewable energy sector.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 03,2024

Researchers use multifunctional hole transporting material to realize efficient and stable perovskite solar cells

Researchers at China's Tsinghua University, Zurich University of Applied Sciences and University of Ferrara have developed a perovskite solar cell with a new hole transport material that promises enhanced efficiency and stability while also ensuring a scalable fabrication technique.

The team explained that the new organic hole-transporting material, named T2, offers a performance advantage over conventional materials like spiro-OMeTAD as its characteristics, including unique electronic, structural, and chemical properties, synergistically enhance the efficiency of hole extraction and significantly reduce charge recombination at the interface with the perovskite layer.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 02,2024

Researchers find ion-induced field screening to be a dominant factor in the operational stability of perovskite solar cells

Researchers at the University of Potsdam, Humboldt-University of Berlin, University of Wuppertal, Swansea University, University of Oxford, East China University of Science and Technology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg and HZB have shown that ion-induced field screening is a dominant factor in the operational stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCS). 

The rather poor perovskite stability is usually attributed to electronic defects, electrode oxidation, the ionic nature of the perovskite, or chemical decomposition under moisture and oxygen. Understanding the underlying degradation mechanism is crucial to enable targeted improvements. "In our article, we demonstrate that an increasing concentration of defects in the cells is apparently not a decisive factor for degradation," says Martin Stolterfoht, former leader of the Heisenberg junior research group PotsdamPero at the University of Potsdam and now professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 31,2024

Recent satellite launch includes perovskite solar cells for performance testing

On March 21, a rocket nicknamed “Cargo Dragon” was launched from Florida, marking the beginning of NASA’s 30th commercial resupply mission to the International Space Station. The 30 tons of cargo aboard included a special payload — the first CubeSat satellite built by a University of Nebraska–Lincoln team and launched into space.

As part of its CubeSat program, NASA in 2021 chose the Nebraska team to include its satellite experiment included as auxiliary payload aboard a future mission to the space station. A few months ago, NASA informed the Nebraska team that their CubeSat would be aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket scheduled for an early March launch. Big Red Sat-1 was one of four projects from U.S. universities selected for the program.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 30,2024