Efficiency

Researchers develop strategy that yields 24.67%-efficiency doctor-bladed perovskite solar cells

Scalable deposition of high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is vital to achieving commercialization. However, a significant number of defects are distributed at the buried interface of perovskite film fabricated by scalable deposition, which adversely affects the efficiency and stability of PSCs. Now, researchers at China's Central South University, Hunan Institute of Engineering and  Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) addressed this issue by incorporating 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid potassium salt (MESK) as the bridging layer between the tin oxide (SnO2) electron transport layer (ETL) and the perovskite film deposited via scalable two-step doctor blading. 

The scientists reported that both experiment and simulation results demonstrated that MESK can passivate the trap states of Sn suspension bonds, thereby enhancing the charge extraction and transport of the SnO2 ETL. 

Read the full story Posted: Apr 16,2024

Researchers develop record efficiency inverted PSCs by improving charge extraction with dual-site-binding ligands

Researchers from Northwestern University, University of Toronto, ShanghaiTech University, University of Victoria and Arizona State University have developed highly stable, highly efficient 0.05cm2 perovskite solar cell with a PCE of 26.15%, certified by a National Renewable Energy Laboratory-accredited facility. The team said that the prior certified world record published in a scientific journal was 25.73%.

A 1.04 cm2 device had a certified power conversion efficiency of 24.74%, also a record for its size. The best devices retained 95% of their initial PCE following 1,200 hours of continuous solar illumination at a temperature of 65 degrees.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 13,2024

Researchers provide a roadmap for the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells

Researchers from the University of Freiburg and Fraunhofer ISE recently put together a roadmap for the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells. They investigated the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells and found these devices may have a practical efficiency potential of 44.3% assuming idealized electrical parameters. These cells may also potentially achieve a fill factor of 90.1%.

The group of researchers developed a comprehensive optoelectrical simulation model for triple-junction solar cells based on subcells relying on perovskite, perovskite, and crystalline silicon, respectively. The model aims to define an efficiency roadmap for improving the optical properties of these solar cells within realistic boundary conditions.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 11,2024

Researchers rely on machine learning predictions for efficient perovskite solar cell development

Researchers at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai University of Electric Power and Shandong Normal University have addressed the traditional trial-and-error method for preparing high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by introducing a goal-driven approach that integrates machine learning and data mining techniques to rapidly screen high-efficiency PSCs based on key features. 

By predicting high-efficiency PSCs and identifying the dominant factors affecting their performance, namely the perovskite bandgap and the total thickness of the electron transport layer (ETL), this research aims to provide valuable insights for optimizing preparation processes and advancing the development of high-efficiency PSCs, thus significantly contributing to the renewable energy sector.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 10,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cell based on tin-lead top device

Researchers from China's Wuhan University and South China Normal University have developed a two-terminal (2T) monolithic all-perovskite tandem solar cell that uses a tin-lead (Sn-Pb) perovskite material for the top cell.

The team explained that mixed Sn-Pb perovskites have a narrow bandgap (NBG) of approximately 1.26 eV, which makes them ideal for efficient light harvesting and current-matching with wide bandgap (WBG) subcells in all-perovskite tandem cells.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 07,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-CIGS tandem solar cell on conductive steel substrate

Researchers at the University of Sydney, Microsolar, University of New South Wales and MiaSolé Hi-Tech Corp. have reported a monolithic perovskite–CIGS tandem solar cell on a flexible conductive steel substrate with an efficiency of 18.1%, the highest for a flexible perovskite–CIGS tandem to date, representing an important step toward flexible perovskite-based tandem photovoltaics.

The advantage of the flexible and conductive steel substrate is that the steel itself can act as both a substrate and an electrode for either large-area-monolithic-panel or smaller-area-singular single-junction or multi-junction cell fabrication.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 04,2024

Researchers use multifunctional hole transporting material to realize efficient and stable perovskite solar cells

Researchers at China's Tsinghua University, Zurich University of Applied Sciences and University of Ferrara have developed a perovskite solar cell with a new hole transport material that promises enhanced efficiency and stability while also ensuring a scalable fabrication technique.

The team explained that the new organic hole-transporting material, named T2, offers a performance advantage over conventional materials like spiro-OMeTAD as its characteristics, including unique electronic, structural, and chemical properties, synergistically enhance the efficiency of hole extraction and significantly reduce charge recombination at the interface with the perovskite layer.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 02,2024

Researchers develop new technique for flexible perovskite solar cells with improved efficiency

High power conversion efficiency (PCE) flexible perovskite solar cells (FPSCs) are highly desired power sources for applications like aerospace and flexible electronics. However, their PCEs still lag far behind their rigid counterparts. To address this issue, researchers from Tsinghua University and National Center for Nanoscience and Technology developed a new fabrication technique that increases the efficiency of FPSCs, paving the way for use of the technology on a much larger scale. The scientists reported a high PCE flexible perovskite solar cell by controllable growth of a SnO2 electron transport layer through constant pH chemical bath deposition (CBD). 

The team developed a new chemical bath deposition (CBD) method of depositing tin oxide (SnO2) on a flexible substrate without requiring a strong acid, which many flexible substrates are sensitive to. The new technique allowed the researchers more control over tin oxide growth on the flexible substrate. Tin oxide serves as an electron transport layer in the FPSC, which is critical for power conversion efficiency.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 28,2024

Researchers design perovskite solar cell with 31.31% efficiency using unique perovskite material

Researchers from Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, USA, Nepal and China have explored the fascinating structural, optical, and electronic features of calcium nitrogen iodide (Ca3NI3) as an attractive material for developing absorbers for efficient and reasonably priced solar cells. 

Potential applications as an absorber layer in heterostructure solar cells for the perovskite material Ca3NI3 have been thoroughly studied theoretically. For the Ca3NI3 absorber-based cell structure with CdS as the ETL layer, the best PV values were discovered using the SCAPS-1D simulator. Working temperatures, interface densities of active materials, doping densities, and layer thicknesses were all carefully considered while analyzing the PV performance. 

Read the full story Posted: Mar 27,2024

Researchers use DMAFo additive to make better perovskite solar cells

Researchers from the University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei National Research Center for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Colorado (CU Boulder) have reported an innovative method to manufacture perovskite solar cells. 

A major challenge in commercializing perovskite solar cells at a commercial scale is the process of coating the semiconductor onto the glass plates which are the building blocks of panels. Currently, the coating process has to take place in a small box filled with non-reactive gas, such as nitrogen, to prevent the perovskites from reacting with oxygen, which decreases their performance. “This is fine at the research stage. But when you start coating large pieces of glass, it gets harder and harder to do this in a nitrogen filled box,” said Michael McGehee, a professor in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and fellow with CU Boulder’s Renewable & Sustainable Energy Institute. 

Read the full story Posted: Mar 22,2024