Researchers use thiocyanate ions to boost the efficiency of perovskite/organic solar cells

Researchers from Soochow University, Hunan University and Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg have incorporated pseudo-halogen thiocyanate (SCN) ions in iodide/bromide mixed halide perovskites and showed that they enhance crystallization and reduce grain boundaries. 

While perovskite/organic tandem solar cells could theoretically achieve high efficiency and stability, their performance is hindered by a process known as phase segregation, which degrades the performance of wide-bandgap perovskite cells and adversely affects recombination processes at the tandem solar cells' interconnecting layer. The team devised a strategy to suppress phase segregation in wide-bandgap perovskites, thus boosting the performance and stability of perovskite/organic tandem cells. This strategy entails the use of a pseudo-triple-halide alloy incorporated in mixed halide perovskites based on iodine and bromine.

Read the full story Posted: May 02,2024

Researchers use novel additive to develop efficient tin halide perovskite solar cell

An international group of researchers, led by the Chungbuk National University in South Korea, has reported a tin halide perovskite (Sn-HP) solar cell that uses an additive known as 4-Phenylthiosemicarbazide (4PTSC) to reduce imperfections in the perovskite layer.

Using wide bandgap tin halide perovskites (Sn-HP) could pose an eco-friendly option for multi-junction Sn-HP photovoltaics, but rapid crystallization often results in poor film morphology and substantial defect states, hampering device efficiency. The team's work aims to introduce a novel multifunctional additive to tackle these issues.

Read the full story Posted: May 01,2024

Researchers develop integrated deposition and passivation strategy for controlled crystallization of 2D/3D halide perovskite films

Researchers from the University of Stuttgart, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg have introduced a simplified deposition procedure for multidimensional (2D/3D) perovskite thin films, integrating a phenethylammonium chloride (PEACl)-treatment into the antisolvent step when forming the 3D perovskite. 

The “traditional” deposition and passivation processes (top row) and the integrated deposition and passivation strategy to form 2D passivated 3D halide perovskite films (bottom row). Image from Advanced Materials.

This recently developed simultaneous deposition and passivation strategy reduces the number of synthesis steps while simultaneously stabilizing the halide perovskite film and improving the photovoltaic performance of resulting solar cell devices to 20.8%. 

Read the full story Posted: Apr 26,2024

Researchers develop flexible quasi-2D perovskite solar cells with high specific power and improved stability for energy-autonomous drones

Researchers at Austria's Johannes Kepler University Linz have developed lightweight, thin (<2.5 μm), flexible and transparent-conductive-oxide-free quasi-two-dimensional perovskite solar cells by incorporating alpha-methylbenzyl ammonium iodide into the photoactive perovskite layer. 

The team fabricated the devices directly on an ultrathin polymer foil coated with an alumina barrier layer to ensure environmental and mechanical stability without compromising weight and flexibility. 

Read the full story Posted: Apr 21,2024

Researchers develop strategy that yields 24.67%-efficiency doctor-bladed perovskite solar cells

Scalable deposition of high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs) is vital to achieving commercialization. However, a significant number of defects are distributed at the buried interface of perovskite film fabricated by scalable deposition, which adversely affects the efficiency and stability of PSCs. Now, researchers at China's Central South University, Hunan Institute of Engineering and  Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) addressed this issue by incorporating 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid potassium salt (MESK) as the bridging layer between the tin oxide (SnO2) electron transport layer (ETL) and the perovskite film deposited via scalable two-step doctor blading. 

The scientists reported that both experiment and simulation results demonstrated that MESK can passivate the trap states of Sn suspension bonds, thereby enhancing the charge extraction and transport of the SnO2 ETL. 

Read the full story Posted: Apr 16,2024

Researchers develop record efficiency inverted PSCs by improving charge extraction with dual-site-binding ligands

Researchers from Northwestern University, University of Toronto, ShanghaiTech University, University of Victoria and Arizona State University have developed highly stable, highly efficient 0.05cm2 perovskite solar cell with a PCE of 26.15%, certified by a National Renewable Energy Laboratory-accredited facility. The team said that the prior certified world record published in a scientific journal was 25.73%.

A 1.04 cm2 device had a certified power conversion efficiency of 24.74%, also a record for its size. The best devices retained 95% of their initial PCE following 1,200 hours of continuous solar illumination at a temperature of 65 degrees.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 13,2024

Researchers provide a roadmap for the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells

Researchers from the University of Freiburg and Fraunhofer ISE recently put together a roadmap for the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells. They investigated the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells and found these devices may have a practical efficiency potential of 44.3% assuming idealized electrical parameters. These cells may also potentially achieve a fill factor of 90.1%.

The group of researchers developed a comprehensive optoelectrical simulation model for triple-junction solar cells based on subcells relying on perovskite, perovskite, and crystalline silicon, respectively. The model aims to define an efficiency roadmap for improving the optical properties of these solar cells within realistic boundary conditions.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 11,2024

Researchers rely on machine learning predictions for efficient perovskite solar cell development

Researchers at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai University of Electric Power and Shandong Normal University have addressed the traditional trial-and-error method for preparing high-efficiency perovskite solar cells (PSCs) by introducing a goal-driven approach that integrates machine learning and data mining techniques to rapidly screen high-efficiency PSCs based on key features. 

By predicting high-efficiency PSCs and identifying the dominant factors affecting their performance, namely the perovskite bandgap and the total thickness of the electron transport layer (ETL), this research aims to provide valuable insights for optimizing preparation processes and advancing the development of high-efficiency PSCs, thus significantly contributing to the renewable energy sector.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 10,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cell based on tin-lead top device

Researchers from China's Wuhan University and South China Normal University have developed a two-terminal (2T) monolithic all-perovskite tandem solar cell that uses a tin-lead (Sn-Pb) perovskite material for the top cell.

The team explained that mixed Sn-Pb perovskites have a narrow bandgap (NBG) of approximately 1.26 eV, which makes them ideal for efficient light harvesting and current-matching with wide bandgap (WBG) subcells in all-perovskite tandem cells.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 07,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-CIGS tandem solar cell on conductive steel substrate

Researchers at the University of Sydney, Microsolar, University of New South Wales and MiaSolé Hi-Tech Corp. have reported a monolithic perovskite–CIGS tandem solar cell on a flexible conductive steel substrate with an efficiency of 18.1%, the highest for a flexible perovskite–CIGS tandem to date, representing an important step toward flexible perovskite-based tandem photovoltaics.

The advantage of the flexible and conductive steel substrate is that the steel itself can act as both a substrate and an electrode for either large-area-monolithic-panel or smaller-area-singular single-junction or multi-junction cell fabrication.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 04,2024