Flexibility

Researchers fabricate flexible roll-to-roll perovskite solar cells with 16.7% efficiency

Researchers at CSIRO and Monash University have reported a flexible perovskite solar cell manufactured using roll-to-roll compatible “printing” type processes, which could potentially be used in large-scale manufacturing. To achieve this, the team developed a viable roll-to-roll process to deposit the electrode layer, which has thus far been a major challenge. The team managed to fabricated cells which achieved a maximum efficiency of 16.7%.

Researchers fabricate flexible roll-to-roll perovskite solar cells with 16.7% efficiency image

Photo: Hasitha Weerasinghe/CSIRO

Roll-to-roll processes signify a potential for low-cost manufacturing of flexible perovskites. However, adding the electrode layer in a process compatible with the roll-to-roll setup has proven to be a challenge. The research team in this recent work set out to address this issue and develop a process that could allow the electrode layer to be deposited without the need for solvents or heat treatments that potentially damage the perovskite layer as well.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 16,2022

Researchers improve the efficiency of flexible perovskite solar cells using VdW stacking

Researchers from Sungkyunkwan University (SKKU), Korea University, Seoul National University and Korea's Frontier Energy Solution have demonstrated the feasibility of using the van der Waals stacking (vdWS) strategy to overcome the inefficiencies of flexible perovskite solar cells (f-PSCs).

The team explained that using halide perovskites can significantly increase the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of f-PSCs due to the low-temperature processability, ultrathin dimensions, low weight, and excellent optoelectronic properties of such cells. Several efforts were also made to develop the charge transporting layer (CTL), interface engineering between CTLs and perovskite, and highly-crystalline perovskite films on a flexible substrate, which further increased the f-PSC PCE to 22.44%. However, the efficiency is only 87% of the conventional glass-based PSCs. The f-PSC efficiency is affected by the physical process limitations caused by the flexible substrates' flexibility. Polymer substrates, such as polyethylene naphthalate (PEN) or polyethylene terephthalate (PET), or tin-doped indium oxide (ITO) are typically used as flexible substrates for f-PSCs.

Read the full story Posted: Aug 17,2022

Unique ETL enables efficient flexible perovskite solar cells

A group of scientists, led by Prof. Yiqiang Zhan from Fudan University, has reported high-efficiency flexible perovskite solar cells (f-PSCs) by annealing a SnO2 ETL in a rough vacuum at a low temperature (100 '), and peak efficiency reached 20.14%.

SnO2 layers that have been prepared by this method have shown higher robustness and hydrophobicity in comparison with samples prepared in an air atmosphere and temperatures of 100 °C, leading to an improved ETL/perovskite interface connection and reducing defects in the SnO2/perovskite interface. The appropriate density of oxygen vacancies on the surface during this treatment can be responsible for higher conductivity, which is beneficial for charge transfer.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 21,2021

Researchers use special capping layer to achieve flexible solar cells with improved efficiency, stability and reliability

An international team of researchers, including ones from Brown University, EPFL, Dalian University of Technology and Shaanxi Normal University, has developed a flexible thin-film perovskite solar cell with an efficiency of 21.0%.

Flexible perovskite solar cells with simultaneously improved efficiency, operational stability, and mechanical reliability image

The perovskite layer for the cell, which has an “n-i-p” layout, was fabricated using a metal-halide capping layer placed on top of a three-dimensional metal-halide perovskite film. This design reportedly provides hermetically sealed encapsulation, which is traditionally difficult to achieve in flexible perovskite cells, and also enhances the photocarrier properties at the interface between the perovskite film and the hole transport layer (HTL).

Read the full story Posted: Jun 14,2021

Researchers provide insights into the atomic dynamics of halide perovskites

Researchers at Duke University have revealed the illusive molecular dynamics that provide halide perovskites with their desirable properties for solar energy and heat energy applications.

A key contributor to how these materials create and transport electricity reportedly stems from the way their atomic lattice twists and turns in a hinge-like fashion. The results could help materials scientists tailor the chemical recipes of these materials for a wide range of applications in an environmentally friendly way.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 16,2021

The US Air Force awards University of Toledo $12.5 million to develop space-based solar energy sheets

The U.S. Air Force recently awarded the University of Toledo (UToledo) $12.5 million to develop photovoltaic energy sheets that would live in space and harvest solar energy to transmit power wirelessly to Earth-based receivers or to other orbital or aerial instrumentation, such as communications satellites.

UToledo physicists will develop flexible solar cell sheets, each roughly the size of a piece of paper, that can be assembled and interconnected into much larger structures. The team will focus on tandem architectures and work with a variety of combinations of solar cells, perovskites included.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 17,2021

Researchers design a 15.2%-efficient foldable perovskite solar cell with a carbon nanotube electrode

Scientists from South Korea have developed a foldable thin-film device with promising characteristics. Integrating a perovskite cell material and a carbon nanotube electrode, the group fabricated a device that achieved 15.2% efficiency and could be folded more than 10,000 times at a bending radius of 0.5mm.

A 15.2%-efficient solar cell that you can fold in half image

Solar cell materials tend to be quite sensitive. Designing and manufacturing devices that can withstand the stress of being folded and bent is challenging, and many of even the most promising solutions are still quite limited in their flexibility. The scientists at Pusan National University in South Korea took a major step forward in solving this problem, fabricating a device that can be folded down to a 'bending radius' ' the minimum size of fold possible without causing damage ' of 0.5mm.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 16,2021

Power Roll raises US$8 million to scale-up solar film manufacture

Power Roll logo imagePower Roll, a developer of low-cost and lightweight flexible film for energy generation and storage, recently reported raising £3 million (around USD$4.16 million), which joins a previous raise and takes total investment in the firm to £5.8 million (over USD$8 million) over two funding rounds completed in the last six months.

Power Roll is working with a perovskite solar ink, and has already achieved 11% efficiency, with a roadmap to bring this to 20%. Power Roll also states that its substrate is compatible with any photo absorbing ink.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 15,2021

Flexible semi-transparent tandem perovskite/CIGS solar cell with 26.5% efficiency reported by Solliance and MiaSolé

Solliance and U.S-based MiaSolé announced a new record - power conversion efficiency of 26.5% on a tandem solar cell that combined a top rigid semi-transparent perovskite solar cell with a bottom flexible copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) cell.

Solliance and Miasole's 23%efficiency tandem perovskite/CIGS cells image

This impressive efficiency was achieved by optimizing the bandgap and the efficiency of both the rigid semi-transparent perovskite top cell and the flexible CIGS bottom cell. The CIGS was roll to roll produced on steel foil, with a power conversion efficiency of 20.0%.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 11,2021

Researchers develop mechanically robust and self-healable perovskite solar cells

A multi-institution team of researchers, led by the Davidson School of Chemical Engineering at Purdue University, has reported a breakthrough in the flexible solar cell field that may contribute to the development of solar cells on flexible surfaces, including ultra-flexible and wearable energy-harvesting devices.

Perovskite composite material heals after mechanical damage and is demonstrated in flexible solar cells image

'Our research is unique in that we have created the first mechanically self-healing perovskite material,' says Blake Finkenauer, lead author of the study and a fourth-year graduate student with Dr. Letian Dou, the Charles Davidson Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering at Purdue. 'Self-healing mechanical damage has only been realized in the organic materials field, typically with insulating materials. By joining dissimilar perovskite and polymer materials, a composite material with both semiconducting and self-healing properties is realized. The polymer acts as a molecular bonding agent with the crystals, which improves both the thermal and mechanical stability compared to the pure perovskite material".

Read the full story Posted: Feb 06,2021