An international team of researchers has announced the development of the world's most compact perovskite-based semiconductor laser that works in the visible range at room temperature. According to the authors of the research, the laser is a nanoparticle of only 310 nanometers in size (which is 3,000 times less than a millimeter) that can produce green coherent light at room temperature.
The scientists succeeded in exploiting the green part of the visible band, which was considered problematic for nanolasers. "In the modern field of light-emitting semiconductors, there is the 'green gap' problem," says Sergey Makarov, principal investigator of the article and professor at the Faculty of Physics and Engineering of ITMO University. "The green gap means that the quantum efficiency of conventional semiconductor materials used for light-emitting diodes falls dramatically in the green part of the spectrum. This problem complicates the development of room temperature nanolasers made of conventional semiconductor materials."