Perovskite applications

Researchers create optical fibers made from single-crystal organometallic perovskite

A research team, led by Dr. Lei Su at Queen Mary University of London in collaboration with University College London, recently designed a new application of perovskites as optical fibers.

Optical fibers are thin wires in which light travels at a superfast speed—100 times faster than electrons in cables. These tiny optical fibers transmit the majority of our internet data. At present, most optical fibers are made of glass. The perovskite optical fiber made by Dr. Su's team consists of just one piece of a perovskite crystal. The optical fibers have a core width as low as 50 μm (the size of a human hair) and are very flexible—they can be bent to a radius of 3.5 mm.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 25,2022

Researchers improve perovskite solar cells through novel solvent design

Researchers from Rice University, Northwestern University, Purdue University, University of Washington, CNRS and Argonne National Laboratory have addressed a long-standing issue in making stable, efficient solar panels out of halide perovskites. It took finding the right solvent design to apply a 2D top layer of desired composition and thickness without destroying the 3D bottom one (or vice versa). Such a cell would turn more sunlight into electricity than either layer on its own, with better stability.

The team, led by Chemical and biomolecular engineer Aditya Mohite and his lab at Rice’s George R. Brown School of Engineering, recently reported their success at building thin 3D/2D solar cells that deliver a power conversion efficiency of 24.5%.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 24,2022

Researchers reach 22.31% efficiency of inverted perovskite solar cell using electron-accepting interlayer

Researchers from Korea University and Seoul Women's University have developed an inverted perovskite solar cell by introducing an electron-accepting interlayer at the interface between the perovskite layer and the electron transport layer.

The solar cell has a p-i-n structure (the perovskite cell material is deposited onto the hole transport layer and then coated with the electron transport layer), which is the opposite of the conventional n-i-p device structure. Inverted perovskite solar cells tend to show good stability, but lack in terms of conversion efficiency and cell performance.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 24,2022

New JV by China's Boamax and others to develop perovskite solar cells

Chinese equipment maker, Boamax Technologies Group, has announced a joint venture with researchers from Xidian University and another investor to develop and sell perovskite solar cells. The venture will also make production equipment and raw materials.

Boamax will have a 37% stake in the JV. A partnership formed by the Xidian  scholars will contribute its patent technologies to hold 45.5% of the equity. The third investor party will have an 18.2% stake. 

Read the full story Posted: Sep 22,2022

Researchers devise new strategy for fabrication of efficient narrow bandgap perovskite films

Researchers at University of North Carolina at Chapell Hill and University of Rochester have developed a novel hot gas-assisted method that could improve the fabrication of narrow bandgap (NBG) perovskite films for tandem solar cells. This strategy, combined with an anti-oxidation material added in the film, could increase the solar cells' carrier recombination lifetime (i.e., the time it takes for excess charge carriers to decay).

The researchers explained that all-perovskite tandem perovskite solar cells have the potential to reduce the cost of photovoltaic systems, due to their potential to reach a higher efficiency than their single-junction counterparts, while maintaining the solution fabrication processes. They said that compared to single junction perovskite modules, the application of tandem structures, which have much smaller photocurrents but higher photovoltage, can also reduce the cell-to-module efficiency derate and enable the realization of higher module efficiencies for monolithically interconnected modules in a series.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 19,2022

Researchers fabricate flexible roll-to-roll perovskite solar cells with 16.7% efficiency

Researchers at CSIRO and Monash University have reported a flexible perovskite solar cell manufactured using roll-to-roll compatible “printing” type processes, which could potentially be used in large-scale manufacturing. To achieve this, the team developed a viable roll-to-roll process to deposit the electrode layer, which has thus far been a major challenge. The team managed to fabricated cells which achieved a maximum efficiency of 16.7%.

Researchers fabricate flexible roll-to-roll perovskite solar cells with 16.7% efficiency image

Photo: Hasitha Weerasinghe/CSIRO

Roll-to-roll processes signify a potential for low-cost manufacturing of flexible perovskites. However, adding the electrode layer in a process compatible with the roll-to-roll setup has proven to be a challenge. The research team in this recent work set out to address this issue and develop a process that could allow the electrode layer to be deposited without the need for solvents or heat treatments that potentially damage the perovskite layer as well.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 16,2022

Researchers use nanosecond laser to fabricate perovskite solar module with 21.07% efficiency

Scientists from China's Jinan University, CoreTech Integrated Limited and Chinese Academy of Sciences have used selective nanosecond-pulse, laser-induced ablation to create a perovskite solar module with a reduced heat-affected zone.

The team showed that a nanosecond pulse laser can deliver a reduced heat-affected zone due to the small thermal diffusion coefficient (Dt) of the perovskite material, contributing to the accomplishment of a high geometric filling factor  (GFF) of up to 95.5%. In addition, the monolithic interconnection quality was improved by finely lifting off the capping layers on indium tin oxide and identifying the residue within the scribed area. As a result, a certified aperture area efficiency of 21.07% under standard 100 mW cm−2 AM1.5G illumination was achieved with a high photovoltaic fill factor exceeding 80%.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 15,2022

Stores in Poland use perovskite shelf labels and blinds by Saule technologies

Saule Technologies recently shared that its PESL (Perovskite Electronic Shelf Label) technology - electronic price and advertising labels powered by perovskite photovoltaic cells - have been installed at Żabka Eko Smart in Poznan, Poland. In addition, the same venue sports Saule's blinds that allow for generating energy from both natural and artificial light.

Zabka stores in Poland use perovskite tech by Saule image

Saule shared that these unique technologies are aimed at improving the work of Żabka stores and increasing the comfort of customers and employees while maintaining care for the environment. 

Read the full story Posted: Sep 15,2022

Researchers report that lattice distortion of perovskite QDs induces coherent quantum beating

A research team, led by Prof. Wu Kaifeng from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), in collaboration with Dr. Peter C. Sercel from the Center for Hybrid Organic Inorganic Semiconductors for Energy, recently reported the utilization of lattice distortion in lead halide perovskite quantum dots (QDs) to control their exciton fine structure.

Shape or crystal anisotropy in QDs results in energy splitting of their optically bright excitons (bound electron-hole pairs), known as fine structure splitting (FSS). For example, the excitons' FSS can be exploited for coherent control of quantum states for quantum computing, or for polarization-entangled photon-pairs in quantum optics, although for the latter it is important to suppress the magnitude of splitting. Studying FSS usually requires single or just a few QDs at liquid-helium temperature, due to its sensitivity to QD size and shape. Measuring FSS at an ensemble-level, much less controlling it, seems impossible unless all the dots are made to be nearly identical.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 13,2022

Researchers improve flexible perovskite solar cells with succinate additive

A team of researchers from China's Tsinghua University, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology and Switzerland's Institute of Computational Physics (ICP) of the ZHAW School of Engineering have proposed a strategy to reduce defects and microstrains in perovskite films through multifunctional additives, achieving a record PCE of 23.6% for single-junction flexible perovskite solar cells (FPSCs).

Team develop additive for better flexible perovskite solar cells image

Flexible perovskite solar cells (FPSCs) prepared on flexible substrates, which possess excellent flexibility and a high power-to-weight ratio, hold promise as a power source for wearable electronic devices, aerospace, and building integrated photovoltaics (BIPVs). Further improving the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and bending resistance of flexible devices is key to promoting their practical application.

Read the full story Posted: Sep 12,2022