Perovskite applications

Researchers design multifunctional display based on photo-responsive perovskite light-emitting diodes

Researchers at Linköping University, Nanjing University and NanjingTech have developed a multifunctional display that uses photo-responsive metal halide perovskite LEDs as pixels. The perovskite LED display can be simultaneously used as a touch screen, ambient light sensor and image sensor (including for fingerprint drawing) without integrating any additional sensors. The light-to-electricity conversion efficiency of the pixels also allow the display to act as a photovoltaic device that can charge the equipment.

Illustration of functions realized by the multifunctional display. Image from Nature Electronics

This is a step forward compared to current display screens, which are typically only used for information display, but can have a range of different sensors integrated into them for functions such as touch control, ambient light sensing and fingerprint sensing. According to the team, photo-responsive light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which can display information and respond to light excitation, could be used to develop future ultra-thin and large screen-to-body ratio screens. However, photo-response is difficult to achieve with conventional display technologies. 

Read the full story Posted: Apr 12,2024

Researchers provide a roadmap for the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells

Researchers from the University of Freiburg and Fraunhofer ISE recently put together a roadmap for the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells. They investigated the optical properties of perovskite/perovskite/silicon triple-junction cells and found these devices may have a practical efficiency potential of 44.3% assuming idealized electrical parameters. These cells may also potentially achieve a fill factor of 90.1%.

The group of researchers developed a comprehensive optoelectrical simulation model for triple-junction solar cells based on subcells relying on perovskite, perovskite, and crystalline silicon, respectively. The model aims to define an efficiency roadmap for improving the optical properties of these solar cells within realistic boundary conditions.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 11,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-perovskite tandem solar cell based on tin-lead top device

Researchers from China's Wuhan University and South China Normal University have developed a two-terminal (2T) monolithic all-perovskite tandem solar cell that uses a tin-lead (Sn-Pb) perovskite material for the top cell.

The team explained that mixed Sn-Pb perovskites have a narrow bandgap (NBG) of approximately 1.26 eV, which makes them ideal for efficient light harvesting and current-matching with wide bandgap (WBG) subcells in all-perovskite tandem cells.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 07,2024

Researchers develop self-polarized RGB device based on micro-LEDs and perovskite-in-polymer films for backlight applications

Researchers from China's Xiamen University, Innovation Laboratory for Sciences and Technologies of Energy Materials of Fujian Province (IKKEM), Yang Ming Chiao Tung University and Hon Hai Research Institute have reported a self-polarizing RGB device utilizing semipolar micro-LEDs and perovskite-in-polymer films aimed at improving backlight applications.

Structure of an LCD based on semipolar blue μLEDs excite anisotropic perovskite NCs as backlight. Image from Opto-Electronic Advances

In backlighting systems for LCDs, conventional red, green, and blue (RGB) light sources that lack polarization properties can result in a significant optical loss of up to 50% when passing through a polarizer. To address this inefficiency and optimize energy utilization, the scientists developed a high-performance device designed for RGB polarized emissions. The device uses an array of semipolar blue µLEDs with inherent polarization capabilities, coupled with mechanically stretched films of green-emitting CsPbBr3 nanorods and red-emitting CsPbI3-Cs4PbI6 hybrid nanocrystals. 

Read the full story Posted: Apr 05,2024

Researchers design efficient perovskite-CIGS tandem solar cell on conductive steel substrate

Researchers at the University of Sydney, Microsolar, University of New South Wales and MiaSolé Hi-Tech Corp. have reported a monolithic perovskite–CIGS tandem solar cell on a flexible conductive steel substrate with an efficiency of 18.1%, the highest for a flexible perovskite–CIGS tandem to date, representing an important step toward flexible perovskite-based tandem photovoltaics.

The advantage of the flexible and conductive steel substrate is that the steel itself can act as both a substrate and an electrode for either large-area-monolithic-panel or smaller-area-singular single-junction or multi-junction cell fabrication.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 04,2024

Energy America partners with German manufacturer to introduce perovskite solar cell technology to product line

Energy America, a leading solar module manufacturer based in the USA, has announced a new partnership with a German manufacturing and R&D station to incorporate perovskite solar cell (PSC) technology into their product line. This move is expected to significantly increase the power and efficiency of Energy America's solar cells, while also promoting sustainable energy solutions.

By partnering with a German manufacturer and R&D station, Energy America is taking a major step towards incorporating this cutting-edge technology into their product line. While the manufacturing and research for the PSCs will be done in Germany, Energy America has made it clear that all module design will be performed in America. This partnership not only benefits Energy America, but also strengthens the relationship between the USA and Germany in the renewable energy sector.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 03,2024

Researchers use multifunctional hole transporting material to realize efficient and stable perovskite solar cells

Researchers at China's Tsinghua University, Zurich University of Applied Sciences and University of Ferrara have developed a perovskite solar cell with a new hole transport material that promises enhanced efficiency and stability while also ensuring a scalable fabrication technique.

The team explained that the new organic hole-transporting material, named T2, offers a performance advantage over conventional materials like spiro-OMeTAD as its characteristics, including unique electronic, structural, and chemical properties, synergistically enhance the efficiency of hole extraction and significantly reduce charge recombination at the interface with the perovskite layer.

Read the full story Posted: Apr 02,2024

Researchers find ion-induced field screening to be a dominant factor in the operational stability of perovskite solar cells

Researchers at the University of Potsdam, Humboldt-University of Berlin, University of Wuppertal, Swansea University, University of Oxford, East China University of Science and Technology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg and HZB have shown that ion-induced field screening is a dominant factor in the operational stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCS). 

The rather poor perovskite stability is usually attributed to electronic defects, electrode oxidation, the ionic nature of the perovskite, or chemical decomposition under moisture and oxygen. Understanding the underlying degradation mechanism is crucial to enable targeted improvements. "In our article, we demonstrate that an increasing concentration of defects in the cells is apparently not a decisive factor for degradation," says Martin Stolterfoht, former leader of the Heisenberg junior research group PotsdamPero at the University of Potsdam and now professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 31,2024

Researchers develop new technique for flexible perovskite solar cells with improved efficiency

High power conversion efficiency (PCE) flexible perovskite solar cells (FPSCs) are highly desired power sources for applications like aerospace and flexible electronics. However, their PCEs still lag far behind their rigid counterparts. To address this issue, researchers from Tsinghua University and National Center for Nanoscience and Technology developed a new fabrication technique that increases the efficiency of FPSCs, paving the way for use of the technology on a much larger scale. The scientists reported a high PCE flexible perovskite solar cell by controllable growth of a SnO2 electron transport layer through constant pH chemical bath deposition (CBD). 

The team developed a new chemical bath deposition (CBD) method of depositing tin oxide (SnO2) on a flexible substrate without requiring a strong acid, which many flexible substrates are sensitive to. The new technique allowed the researchers more control over tin oxide growth on the flexible substrate. Tin oxide serves as an electron transport layer in the FPSC, which is critical for power conversion efficiency.

Read the full story Posted: Mar 28,2024

Researchers design perovskite solar cell with 31.31% efficiency using unique perovskite material

Researchers from Bangladesh, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, USA, Nepal and China have explored the fascinating structural, optical, and electronic features of calcium nitrogen iodide (Ca3NI3) as an attractive material for developing absorbers for efficient and reasonably priced solar cells. 

Potential applications as an absorber layer in heterostructure solar cells for the perovskite material Ca3NI3 have been thoroughly studied theoretically. For the Ca3NI3 absorber-based cell structure with CdS as the ETL layer, the best PV values were discovered using the SCAPS-1D simulator. Working temperatures, interface densities of active materials, doping densities, and layer thicknesses were all carefully considered while analyzing the PV performance. 

Read the full story Posted: Mar 27,2024