Cornell team compares the environmental impacts of perovskite and silicon solar cells

Researchers at Cornell University and University of Cambridge have analyzed the overall environmental impact of two types of solar panels, comparing these against panels made with crystalline silicon wafers – the current industry standard.

The team found that a solar panel made from two layers of perovskite requires a smaller total energy input and results in fewer carbon emissions. The panel, a perovskite-perovskite tandem, contains two layers of the material on top of each other, each optimized to absorb a section of the electromagnetic spectrum.

New production method yields flexible single-crystal perovskite films with controlled area, thickness, and composition

Scientists at UC San Diego have developed a new method to fabricate perovskites as single-crystal thin films, which are more efficient for use in solar cells and optical devices than the current state-of-the-art polycrystalline forms of the material.

Their fabrication method - which uses standard semiconductor fabrication processes - results in flexible single-crystal perovskite films with controlled area, thickness, and composition. These single-crystal films showed fewer defects, greater efficiency, and enhanced stability than their polycrystalline counterparts, which could lead to the use of perovskites in solar cells, LEDs, and photodetectors.

Interfacing oxide perovskites with antiperovskites could boost materials design and engineering

In a recent report, Camilo X. Quintela and an international group in materials science, physics and engineering in the U.S., Norway, China and South Korea proposed a novel direction for materials design based on nitride antiperovskite and oxide perovskite crystals.

Schematic representation of the crystal structures of M3XN nitride antiperovskite and ABO3 oxide perovskite compounds and their interfaces imageSchematic representation of the crystal structures of M3XN nitride antiperovskite and ABO3 oxide perovskite compounds and their interfaces. Image from Science Advances

In this work, they successfully layered perovskites and antiperovskites together, to create an interface with unique electrical properties for applications in a new class of quantum materials.

Silver-based perovskites with anti-microbial properties could be useful in tissue engineering

A new study, led by Dr. Shayanti Mukherjee at the Australian Hudson Institute (a leading Australian translational medical research institute), has found that perovskites materials can have anti-microbial properties, without toxic side effects to human cells.

Perovkites may close the gap in tissue engineering image(A) process of perovskite synthesis; (B) preparation of electrospinning solution with perovskite. Image from Nanomaterials

Dr Mukherjee and her team, who already have a significant program researching new bio-degradable nanomeshes to revolutionize treatments for pelvic organ prolapse (POP), have shown for the first time that perovskites can be used as additives to engineer human tissue implants.