UNIST researchers develop high-performance perovskite oxide catalysts using late transition metal oxide materials

A research team, jointly led by Professor Gun-Tae Kim and Professor Jun-Hee Lee in the School of Energy and Chemical Engineering at South-Korea's UNIST has succeeded in developing high-performance perovskite oxide catalysts using late transition metal oxide materials. In the process, the team discovered the reason behind the improved performance of both the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER), which has been explained by the change in the oxidation state of the transition metal caused by the increase in oxygen vacancies.

Perovskite oxide catalysts are composed of lanthanide, transition metal and oxygen. Owing to the excellent electrical conductivity and bifunctional ORR/OER activity, these catalysts have been considered to be an attractive candidate for metal-air batteries or fuel cells, in which opposite reactions, such as charging and discharging occur steadily. However, due to the high cost and low stability of noble metal catalysts, the development of alternatives is strongly desired.

HZB team designs a quick and easy method to assess new compositions of perovskite materials

Researchers at HZB have reported findings from their recent work: printing and exploring different compositions of caesium based halide perovskites (CsPb(BrxI1−x)3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 1)).

New screening process by HZB could locate potential perovskite materials for solar cells image

In a temperature range between room temperature and 300 Celsius, the team observed structural phase transitions influencing the electronic properties. The study presents a quick and easy method to assess new compositions of perovskite materials in order to identify potential candidates for applications in thin film solar cells and optoelectronic devices.

Researchers achieve magnetic lead-free halide double perovskites

Researchers at Linköping University in Sweden have announced the development of an optoelectronic magnetic double perovskite. The discovery could open the door to combining spintronics with optoelectronics for rapid and energy-efficient information storage.

The team explains that one type of perovskite that contains halogens and lead has recently been shown to have interesting magnetic properties, opening the possibility of using it in spintronics. Spintronics is thought to have huge potential for the next generation of information technology, since information can be transmitted at higher speeds and with low energy consumption. However, magnetic properties of halide perovskites have until now been associated only with lead-containing perovskites, which has limited the development of the material for both health and environmental reasons.

2D perovskite derivative has potential for scalable valleytronic devices

Rice University and Texas A&M University researchers have found that a 2D derivative of perovskite could make computers faster and more energy-efficient. Their material has the ability to enable the valleytronics phenomenon, which is known as a possible platform for advanced information processing and storage.

The lab of materials scientist Jun Lou of Rice's Brown School of Engineering synthesized a layered compound of cesium, bismuth and iodine that is able to store the valley states of electrons, but only in the structure's odd layers. These bits can be set with polarized light, and the even layers appear to protect the odd ones from the kind of field interference that bedevils other perovskites, according to the researchers.

New perovskite-based nanocatalyst shown efficient at converting greenhouse gases into hydrogen

Researchers at UNIST, POSTECH and the University of Pennsylvania have created a new perovskite-based nanocatalyst that can be used to recycle major greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), into valuable hydrogen (H2) gas.

The new catalyst is hoped to promote various waste-to-energy conversion technologies, as it has over twice the conversion efficiency from CH4 to H2 than the traditional electrode catalysts.