Perovskites are materials that share a crystal structure similar to the mineral called perovskite, which consists of calcium titanium oxide (CaTiO3).
Depending on which atoms/molecules are used in the structure, perovskites can possess an impressive array of interesting properties including superconductivity, ferroelectricity, charge ordering, spin dependent transport and much more. Perovskites therefore hold exciting opportunities for physicists, chemists and material scientists.
Quantum dots (QDs), sometimes referred to as semiconducting nanocrystals (NCs), are miniscule particles of a semiconducting material with diameters in the range of 2-10 nanometers (10-50 atoms). Quantum dots have properties labeled as intermediate between bulk semiconductors and discrete atoms or molecules. Their optoelectronic properties change as a function of both size and shape. QDs demonstrate optical and electronic properties different from those of larger particles. In fact, QDs tend to exhibit quantum size effects in their optical and electronic properties, like tunable and efficient photoluminescence (PL), with narrow emission and photochemical stability. This is why QDs have been incorporated as active elements in a wide variety of devices and applications, some of which are already commercially available, such as QD-based displays.
Perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) are a class of quantum dots based on perovskite materials. While these are relatively new, they have already been shown to have properties matching or surpassing those of the metal chalcogenide QDs: they are more tolerant to defects and have excellent photoluminescence quantum yields and high colour purity. Such attractive properties are extremely suited for electronic and optoelectronic applications and so perovskite quantum dots have significant potential for real world applications, some of which are already emerging, including LED displays and quantum dot solar cells.
The latest Perovskite QD news:
Researchers from China's Hebei University of Technology and Chinese Academy of Sciences have found that increasing the diameter of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in SWCNT/perovskite QD heterojunctions can improve the optoelectronic performance of the heterojunction between the two materials.
The team systematically tested the performance effects of varying diameters of SWCNTs, a single layer of carbon atoms that form a hexagonal lattice rolled into a seamless cylinder, with different band gaps, or the amount of energy required for an electron to conduct electric current, in heterojunction films with perovskite QDs. Their study indicated that increasing the diameter of SWCNTs improved the responsivity, detectivity and response time of this type of heterojunction film. This effect may be mediated by the enhanced separation and transport of photogenerated excitons, an energy-carrying, neutrally charged electron that combines with a positive electron hole, in the film.
TCI has launched a range of molecular dopants that can significantly increase the charge carrier density and modify the energy levels in organic electronics devices. Molecular dopants offer a versatile platform to tune the optoelectrical and electrical properties of organic semiconductors to application-specific demands, allowing advantages like increasing the electrical conductivity and mobility by orders of magnitude and improving contact properties in various electronic and optoelectronic devices.
TCI's p-type and n-type dopants can be applied to various organic electronics devices, such as: carrier transport layers of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), organic photovoltaics (OPVs), perovskite solar cells (PSCs), and perovskite quantum dot LEDs, as well as active layers of organic field-effect transistors (OFETs), OPVs, and thermoelectric devices in the field of organic electronics research.
Canon has announced that it has developed perovskite quantum-dot inks for use in next-generation displays, with improved durability and potential for application in high-image-quality displays.
Quantum dots are semiconductor nanocrystals that measure only a few nanometers in diameter and can emit light with high brightness and high color purity. Displays with quantum-dot technology are attracting growing attention due to their wide color gamut that makes possible high visual expressiveness. Therefore, quantum dots for display is sought to achieve higher color purity and higher light utilization efficiency. In addition, though cadmium (Cd) has thus far been the preferred material for quantum dots, due to environmental concerns, there is a growing interest in Cd-free materials.
Researchers fromKorea's Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Ajou University, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST) and Kookmin University have designed new polymeric hole transport materials that constitute a crucial element in perovskite quantum dot solar cells, leading to significant increase in their efficiency.
The team's hole transport materials include polymers based on sulfur and selenium compounds. These polymers exhibit structural features, such as planarization and locking of intermolecular arrangements, which increase charge mobility. Furthermore, asymmetric alkyl substituents of the polymers facilitate molecular interactions, thereby complementing the electrical properties of cells.
Perovskite-Info is proud to announce an update to our Perovskite for the Display Industry Market Report. This market report, brought to you by the world's leading perovskite and OLED industry experts, is a comprehensive guide to next-generation perovskite-based solutions for the display industry that enable efficient, low cost and high-quality display devices. The report is now updated to May 2023, with all the latest commercial and research activity.
Reading this report, you'll learn all about:
- Perovskite materials and their properties
- Perovskite applications in the display industry
- Perovskite QDs for color conversion
- Prominent perovskite display related research activities
The report also provides a list of perovskite display companies, datasheets and brochures of pQD film solutions, an introduction to perovskite materials and processes, an introduction to emerging display technologies and more.
Researchers from Korea's KIMM institute have fabricated full-color flexible microLED devices, using blue LEDs and perovskite quantum dot color conversion layers. The demonstrated device featured 1 mm pixel pitch LEDs (25.4 PPI) and could be bent with a radius of 5 mm without being damaged.
The researchers used a perovskite-QD and siloxane composite using ligand exchanged PQD with silane composite followed by surface activation by an addition of halide-anion containing salt. Due to this surface activation, the researchers say that it was possible to construct the PQD surface with a silane ligand using a non-polar organic solvent that does not damage the PQD. As a result, the ligand-exchanged PQD with a silane compound exhibited high dispersibility in the siloxane matrix and excellent atmospheric stability.
A team of researchers from China's Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Jilin University and Beijing Institute of Technology, has used perovskite and quantum dots to build an ultraviolet radiation measurement device.
Measuring the intensity of ultraviolet light in outdoor conditions is important because more intense UV light can lead to faster sunburns and potentially to skin cancer in later years. In this new study, the researchers built a wearable device that can measure ultraviolet radiation in real-time and send the information to a smartphone.
Researchers from The University of Tokyo and Yamagata University have addressed the difficulty in creating blue quantum dots by developing a unique self-organizing approach for producing lead bromide perovskite quantum dots. The research also incorporates cutting-edge imaging technology to characterize these novel blue quantum dots.
Quantum dots (QDs) are used in optoelectronic devices and quantum computing, among other things, and are referred to as "artificial atoms" due to their confined and distinct electronic properties. Quantum dots have characteristics that fall in between those of bulk semiconductors and individual atoms and molecules. Their photoelectric qualities vary depending on their size and shape. Quantum dots (QDs) are considered attractive materials for the emissive constituent of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) due to their high color intensity in a small spectral region, facile color tunability, and notable stability. Moreover, QD-based materials exhibit refined colors, longer lifetimes, reduced production costs, and lower energy requirements compared to typical luminescent materials used in organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs).
Researchers from the University of Tokyo have made progress with the development of blue-emitting quantum dots, which is seen as highly challenging. They have shown that using a new bottom-up design strategy and self-organizing chemistry can help create a high purity blue-emitting QD material (with a narrow emission spectrum).
The newly developed QDs have a special chemical composition that combines both organic and inorganic substances, such as lead perovskite, malic acid, and oleylamine. The materials self-aligned into a cube of 64 lead atoms. The lead researcher, Professor Eiichi Nakamura, says that "it took over a year of methodically trying different things to find that malic acid was a key piece of our chemical puzzle".
Researchers from the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) have teamed up with researchers from Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST) to develop a patterning technique for the production of perovskite nanocrystal displays which are ultra-thin and high-resolution. The production involves a very simple stamp-like printing process that will facilitate the commercialization of the new technique.
Double-layer transfer printing process with RGB pixelated arrays of PeNCs. Image from Science Advances
The technique reportedly enabled the team to produce a display with RGB pixel patterns of 2,550 pixels per inch, which is about 400 percent higher resolution than the latest high-end smartphones.