Researchers develop new high throughput method for the production of halide perovskites

Researchers from Penn State and the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command Aviation & Missile Center have created a new process to fabricate large perovskite devices that is more cost- and time-effective than previously possible and that might accelerate future materials discovery.

“This method we developed allows us to easily create very large bulk samples within several minutes, rather than days or weeks using traditional methods,” said Luyao Zheng, a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Materials Science at Penn State and lead author on the study. “And our materials are high quality — their properties can compete with single-crystal perovskites.”

Read the full story Posted: Feb 24,2023

Researchers develop efficient photodiode based on a tandem perovskite-organic solar cell architecture

Researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology and TNO at Holst Centre have developed a sensor that converts light into an electrical signal at an astonishing 200% efficiency – a seemingly impossible figure that was achieved through the exceptional nature of quantum physics.

SA schematic of the photodiode architecture

The team of scientists sees its invention potentially used in technology that monitors a person's vital signs (including heartbeat or respiration rate) from afar, without the need for anything to be inserted or even attached to the body.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 21,2023

Researchers increase the photoresponsivity of a lead-halide perovskite by 250%

Researchers from Korea's Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Chinese Academy of Sciences, the University of Rochester in the U.S, and The Australian National University have increased the photoresponsivity of a lead-halide perovskite for solar cell applications by 250%. They created a perovskite film with a plasmonic substrate made of hyperbolic metamaterial and characterized it with transition dipole orientation.

The team has considerably reduced electron recombination processes in lead-halide perovskites (LHPs) used for solar cell applications. Recombination can have a significant impact on electrical performance in perovskite cells, with implications for open-circuit voltage, short-circuit current, fill factor, and ultimately, power conversion efficiency.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 20,2023

Researchers report molecular engineering strategy for efficient and stable deep-red perovskite LEDs

Researchers from Purdue University, Florida State University, University of Kentucky,  Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of Houston, Rice University, China's Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences) and Taiwan's National Cheng Kung University have found that LEDs based on halide perovskites can produce more vivid, colorful and brighter images. The recent research presents extremely efficient perovskite LED devices in the red color region.

Perovskite materials often tend to be less stable and can degrade quickly. Further, device efficiency has not been fully optimized to compete with conventional LEDs. “Our work aims to resolve these critical issues,” said Purdue's Letian Dou, who conceived the idea, supervised the project and provided funding support.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 19,2023

Researchers find special ingredient for stable and efficient inverted perovskite solar cells

Scientists from The University of Toledo, University of Washington, Northwestern University, University of Toronto and Empa–Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, have addressed a major challenge standing in the way of the commercialization of halide perovskite solar cells - their durability - by discovering an ingredient that enhances adhesion and mechanical toughness.

“Perovskite solar cells offer a route to lowering the cost of solar electricity given their high power conversion efficiencies and low manufacturing cost,” said Dr. Yanfa Yan, UToledo Distinguished University Professor of physics and a member of the UToledo Wright Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization. “However, we needed to strengthen the emerging solar cell technology’s endurance during outdoor operation”. The technology needs to survive for decades outdoors in all kinds of weather and temperatures without corroding or breaking down.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 19,2023

Researchers improve perovskite-based LEDs using self-assembled molecules

Researchers from the Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia-The Barcelona Institute of Science and Technology (ICIQ-BIST), Centre Tecnològic de Catalunya EURECAT, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT), ICREA and Universitat Rovira i Virgili have reported the application of two carbazole-based self-assembled molecules (SAMs) as hole injecting materials in perovskite-based LEDs.

Their structures differ in one phenyl ring in the bridge; however, the extra ring provides more stability to the devices, even surpassing the one obtained with the widely used polymer PTAA. In addition, due to the structural and electronic characteristics of the SAMs, the efficiency of the devices is also increased.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 17,2023

Researchers believe perovskite detectors could improve clinical X-ray imaging

A team of researchers from the X-ray Cancer Imaging and Therapy Experimental (XCITE) Lab at the University of Victoria in Canada set out to examine the potential of perovskite-based X-ray detectors. To do this, the team performed virtual clinical trials on next-generation perovskite detectors integrated into common X-ray imaging devices.

The team investigated the perovskite crystal methylammonium lead bromide (MAPbBr3), which combines high charge carrier mobility and long carrier lifetimes, making it extremely sensitive to incident X-ray photons. Indeed, some MAPbBr3 crystals show equivalent performance to that of cadmium zinc telluride (CZT), a promising material used in cutting edge medical imaging techniques such as photon-counting CT.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 16,2023

QD Solar announces efficient perovskite solar cells developed for large scale manufacturing

QD Solar, a Canada-based venture developing tandem solar technologies, has announced 3rd party-validated efficiencies of their single junction perovskite cells. The 24% efficiency for spin-coated perovskites cells and the 23.2% efficiency for slot-die coated, manufacturing-ready, perovskite cells have been officially confirmed by MKS Instruments/Newport in Utah, USA.

“The silicon-dominated solar industry is suffering from eroding single digit profit margins for the past decade due to fierce worldwide competition. This industry has also suffered from stagnated solar efficiencies, due to fundamental limitations related to the inherit physics of silicon. This industry demands the next generation of bankable solar materials. Deploying low-cost perovskite-based solar will allow our customers, the solar panel manufacturers, to charge premium prices on high-efficiency panels and double their profit margins. That’s huge for the solar industry,” says Dan Shea, CEO of QD Solar.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 15,2023

KAUST team reports results of one-year outdoor testing of perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells

Scientists from Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) have reported the results of a one-year outdoor test for a tandem perovskite-silicon solar cell they developed in 2020. They have found that the device retained more than 80% of its initial efficiency during the testing period between April 2021 and April 2022.

The team's results are actual outdoor measurement over months and months, rather than testing done in a lab-controlled environment. The team is still conducting tests, aiming to focus on stability and reach  at least a two-decade operation goal.

Read the full story Posted: Feb 14,2023

Researchers show that perovskite-based thermochromic windows reduce energy load and carbon emission in buildings

Researchers from NREL, University of Wisconsin—Stout and Swift Solar have reported perovskite-based thermochromic windows that reduce energy load and carbon emission in buildings. The team calculated and fabricated a perovskite-based technology with excellent transition temperatures for building energy savings. 

The use of thermochromic windows in office buildings improves energy efficiency across all climate zones in the United States by modulating the temperature inside, leading to a massive savings, according to the research effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

Read the full story Posted: Feb 12,2023