Tokyo Tech team tackles PSCs' reproducibility problem using carbon nanotubes

Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) have conducted an in-depth study on how carbon nanotubes with oxygen-containing groups can be used to enhance the performance of perovskite solar cells. The discovery of perovskites' self-recrystallization ability could lead to the improvement of perovskite solar cells.

Self-recrystallization of functionalized CNT-covered perovskite image

A major obstacle that stands before perovskite solar cells is reproducibility. This means that it is hard to consistently create perovskite crystal layers free of defects and holes, which means that deviations from design values are likely to occur and reduce their efficiency. However, researchers have found that the efficiency of these cells can be boosted by combining perovskite with carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The mechanism by which CNTs and perovskite bond together and how this affects the performance of CNT perovskite solar cells has not been studied in depth. In addition, the ability of pure CNTs to bond to perovskite is not very good, and this could compromise the structural and conducting properties at the interface of both materials.

Chinese researchers develop perovskite solar cells with enhanced stability

A research team led by Prof. GAO Peng from Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has developed high-performance perovskite solar cells with enhanced environmental stability.

The team reported a 2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethylamine (FPEA: 4-FC6H4C2H4NH3) bulky cation to grow a 2D perovskite overlayer on the top of the Cs/FA/MA triple-cation 3D perovskite to combine the high stability of 2D perovskite with high efficiency of 3D perovskite simultaneously.

Researchers aim for single-mode Nano-lasers from all-inorganic perovskite material

An all-inorganic perovskite micro/nano-structure has been demonstrated by a collaborative team of researchers from Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of CAS and Nanjing Xiaozhuang University, that is believed to be a promising candidate for achieving high-performance nano-lasers.

Semiconductor nano-lasers with high spectral purity and stability, namely single-mode nano-lasers, are very desirable in color laser display, on-chip optical communication and computing. To date, most of reported nano-lasers exhibit multi-mode structure resulting from in-homogeneous gain saturation, while the realization of high-quality single-mode laser is very challenging and is largely limited by the cavity structure and the properties of the gain medium.

New strategy yields 24.8% efficiency all-perovskite solar cells

Researchers at Nanjing University in China and the University of Toronto in Canada have fabricated all-perovskite tandem solar cells (PSCs) with remarkable independently certified PCEs of 24.8% for small-area devices (0.049 cm2) and 22.1% for large-area devices (1.05 cm2).

Fabricating all-perovskite tandem solar cells, based on both wide-bandgap and narrow-bandgap perovskites, could lead to a higher power conversion efficiency (PCEs) than that attained by single-junction cells without increasing fabrication costs. In order to build this new type of solar cell, however, researchers need to find a way to enhance the performance of each subcell, while also integrating the wide-bandgap and narrow-bandgap cells synergistically.

HZB's cooperation with Slovenian University on perovskite silicon tandem solar cells gets a financial push

An HZB team has successfully raised funds from the “Helmholtz European Partnering Program” of the Helmholtz Association to expand cooperation with partners of the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia. The topics of the cooperation are tandem solar cells made of perovskite and silicon and, in particular, their precise characterization.

The TAPAS project is funded by the Helmholtz European Partnering programme for the next three years with 250,000 euros per year each. Following an evaluation, the funding period can be extended by two years. The Helmholtz European Partnering programme was set up to strengthen the European research area, in particular cooperation with countries in Southern, Central and Eastern Europe.

ITMO team designs concept for light-based cooling in halide perovskite nanoparticles

A group of scientists from ITMO University in Russia has proposed a new method for quick cooling-down of surfaces using perovskite and light nanoparticles. This principle may be used to cool nano-lasers in optical chips, increase the lifetime of solar panels, and create smart glass.

Optical cooling of particles using perovskites image

The ITMO team, which has been conducting research into the creation of optoelectronic devices and ultra-compact lasers based on perovskites, has decided to make use of light, which is normally the agent that creates the heating-up effect putting the material in danger.

Perovskite solar cells are tested for space travel

Scientists from UCL and ISIS have been testing solar cells made from perovskite materials to see how resilient they are to the neutron irradiation they would be exposed to in space.

Solar cells made from perovskite materials have the potential for use in powering electronics in space. Before considering them for space applications, it is crucial to understand how resilient they would be in such a high radiation environment. In previous experiments by other groups, the effect of high-energy protons and electrons has been tested, with the results suggesting that this type of solar cell is particularly resilient to radiation effects. This experiment, on VESUVIO at ISIS, is the first to test cells in operando while being exposed to high-energy neutrons, and found that the cells suffered minimal irreversible damage during the process.