Perovskites may help improve detectors for nuclear security

Researchers from the University of Florida and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory set out to improve global nuclear security by enhancing radiation detectors, and discovered, after evaluating a diverse list of over 60 candidates for alternative semiconductor compounds, that a hybrid organic-inorganic perovskite has the highest potential to succeed.

Perovskite sensors can improve equipment used for detecting and identifying radioactive materials imageBetter sensors can improve equipment used for detecting and identifying radioactive materials. (Image credit: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)

The scientists reported that the identification of better sensor materials and the development of smarter algorithms to process detector signals are essential to enhance radiation detectors. Paul Johns, Physicist, University of Florida, said: "The end users of radiation detectors don’t necessarily have a background in physics that allows them to make decisions based on the signals that come in. The algorithms used to energy-stabilize and identify radioactive isotopes from a gamma ray spectrum are therefore key to making detectors useful and reliable".

Researchers develop artificial retinas with microcavity perovskite photoreceptors

Researchers at the National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan, led by Professor Hao-Wu Lin, have demonstrated that high-performance filter-less artificial human photoreceptors can be realized by integrating a novel optical metal/dielectric/metal microcavity structure with vacuum-deposited perovskite photoresponse devices.

Schematic and cross-sectional SEM image of the photoreceptor with an inverted structure image

Sensory substitution with flexible electronics is one of the intriguing fields of research. Scientists already fabricate electronic devices that can replicate, to a certain degree degree, some of the human senses – touch (electronic skin – e-skin), smell (e-nose), and taste (e-tongue). E-versions of the eye's photoreceptors (e-retinas) could potentially be used in a wide range of applications from robotic humanoid vision to artificial retina implantation for vision restoration or even vision extension into a wider range of wavelength.

Indian researchers develop a perovskite-based device that detects heart attacks

Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad, India, have fabricated a perovskite-based low-cost, ultra-sensitive device that is capable of detecting the cardiac biomarker troponin T protein. Troponin T is a cardiac protein that is released into the bloodstream after a heart attack.

Unlike the commercially available test that can detect the protein at nanogram per ml concentration, this device can reportedly detect the protein at an extremely low concentration of femto gram per ml. This could help pave the way for early diagnosis of a heart attack, increasing a patient’s survival rate. It even has the potential to be able to predict the onset of a heart attack.

NUS team harnesses the properties of 2D perovskites for ultrathin optoelectronic applications

NUS scientists have found that the light emission properties of molecularly thin two-dimensional (2-D) hybrid perovskite can be tuned in a highly reversible way for ultrathin optoelectronic applications. A highly efficient photodetector has been fabricated using hybrid perovskites with the thickness of a single quantum well.

Molecularly thin hybrid perovskite for advanced optoelectronic applications imageAn impression of laser interaction with a molecularly thin 2D perovskites encapsulated by hexagonal boron nitride (blue layer). (Image: NUS)

Each basic unit of a 2D hybrid perovskite is constructed using a semiconducting layer of inorganic material sandwiched between two organic insulating layers. While researchers have studied layered perovskites in their bulk form for many years, the properties of these crystals when their thickness is thinned down to a few and single layers have largely not been explored.

Perovskites show promise as low-cost and efficient photodetectors that transfer both text and music

Researchers at Linköping University and Shenzhen University have shown how inorganic perovskites can be used to produce low-cost and efficient photodetectors that transfer both text and music. "It's a promising material for future rapid optical communication," says Feng Gao, researcher at Linköping University.

Perovskites show promise as low-cost and efficient photodetectors that transfer both text and music image

"Perovskites of inorganic materials have a huge potential to influence the development of optical communication. These materials have rapid response times, are simple to manufacture, and are extremely stable." says Feng Gao.