November 2021

Saule Technologies launches electronic shelf labels powered by perovskite solar cells

Saule Technologies has unveiled its new PESL (Perovskite Electronic Shelf Label) technology - the world's first electronic price and advertising labels powered by perovskite photovoltaic cells. The devices enable wireless change of the messages displayed on it, and are said to have lifetimes of around 10 years.

PESL by Saule Technologies image

Saule Tech has already released large-scale PSCs intended for building facades, PSC-powered blinds, and now, this new product from the IoT category ' an intelligent system for handling electronic labels, powered by a perovskite solar cell instead of the traditional battery.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 26,2021

Researchers demonstrate how graphene can improve perovskite solar cells

Recent research has shown that the incorporation of graphene-related materials improves the performance and stability of perovskite solar cells. Graphene is hydrophobic, which can enhance several properties of perovskite solar cells. Firstly, it can enhance stability and the passivation of electron traps at the perovskite's crystalline domain interfaces. Graphene can also provide better energy level alignment, leading to more efficient devices.

Improving Solar Cells with Pristine Graphene on Lead Iodide Films image

In a recent study, Spain-based scientists used pristine graphene to improve the properties of MAPbI3, a popular perovskite material. Pristine graphene was combined with the metal halide perovskite to form the active layer of the solar cells. By analyzing the resulting graphene/perovskite material, it was observed that an average efficiency value of 15% under high-stress conditions was achieved when the optimal amount of graphene was used.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 25,2021

Researchers find light-activated interlayer contraction in 2D perovskites that could enable stable and efficient solar cells

Researchers from Rice University and collaborators from Purdue and Northwestern universities, U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories Los Alamos, Argonne and Brookhaven and the Institute of Electronics and Digital Technologies (INSA) in Rennes, France, have reached a new benchmark in the design of atomically thin solar cells made of semiconducting perovskites, boosting their efficiency while also focusing on their stability.

The lab of Aditya Mohite of Rice's George R. Brown School of Engineering discovered that sunlight itself contracts the space between atomic layers in 2D perovskites enough to improve the material's photovoltaic efficiency by up to 18%.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 25,2021

Perfect Perovskite - Perfect Process

The following post is a sponsored post by MBRAUN

Bad process control for perovskite vacuum deposition is a result of the properties of the organic precursor molecules (low evaporation temperature, generation of a partial pressure in the chamber). MBRAUN/CreaPhys novel perovskite deposition concept addresses these problems with two major modifications to the system:

  • a special system design to optimize the operating regime for a controlled process
  • a new high precision precursor deposition sources

Deposition of volatile compounds (e.g., MAI) including multi-source co-deposition processes can be done under highly controlled high vacuum conditions. Furthermore, shadow masking can be used reliably to structure the deposited material.

HySPRINT Perovskite Lab © HZB / M. Setzpfandt

Read the full story Posted: Nov 24,2021

Researchers use advanced imaging to reach new insights into perovskites' behavior

Researchers from the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with Cambridge's Cavendish Laboratory, the Diamond Light Source synchrotron facility in Didcot and the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology in Japan, have used a suite of correlative, multimodal microscopy methods to visualize, for the first time, why perovskite materials are seemingly so tolerant of defects in their structure.

The impressive performance of perovskites is surprising, as the typical model for an excellent semiconductor is a very ordered structure, but the array of different chemical elements combined in perovskites creates a much 'messier' landscape. This heterogeneity causes defects in the material that lead to nanoscale 'traps', which reduce the photovoltaic performance of the devices. But despite the presence of these defects, perovskite materials still show efficiency levels comparable to their silicon alternatives. In fact, earlier research by the same group has shown the disordered structure can actually increase the performance of perovskite optoelectronics, and their latest work seeks to explain why.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 23,2021

Perovskites and MOFs mix yields highly stable luminescent composites

Researchers from various universities and laboratories around the world have recently melted metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and mixed them with perovskites to yield highly stable luminescent composites. The mixtures reportedly resist exposure to heat, air, and humidity.

Lead-halide perovskites, such as cesium lead iodide, naturally exhibit photoluminescence, says chemist Thomas D. Bennett of Cambridge University and the paper's lead author. 'However, this light-emitting phase is only stable at high temperatures, and its effects disappear when the material cools down,' he adds. In the new work, researchers preserved this photoluminescence using MOF glasses to trap this metastable phase at room temperature and, at the same time, encapsulate and protect the perovskite.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 23,2021

HZB sets new 29.8% efficiency record for perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells

Three HZB teams, led by Prof. Christiane Becker, Prof. Bernd Stannowski and Prof. Steve Albrecht, have jointly managed to bring the efficiency of perovskite silicon tandem solar cells to a new record value of 29.80%. This result has been officially certified by Fraunhofer ISE CalLab and is documented in the NREL-charts.

HZB nears 30% efficiency for tandem PSCs imageThe perovskite silicon tandem cell is based on two innovations: A nanotextured front side ( left) and a back side with dielectric reflector (right). © Alexandros Cruz /HZB

Several HZB groups have been working intensively since 2015 on both the perovskite semiconductors and silicon technologies and the combination of both into innovative tandem solar cells. In January 2020, HZB had achieved a record 29.15 % for a perovskite silicon tandem solar cell. Then, also in 2020, the company Oxford PV was able to announce a certified efficiency of 29.52%. Since then, the race for new records has been on. "An efficiency of 30% is like a psychological threshold for this fascinating new technology which could revolutionize the photovoltaic industry in the near future," explains Steve Albrecht, who is working on perovskite thin films at the HySPRINT lab at HZB. Bernd Stannowski, group leader for silicon technology, adds: "I would particularly emphasize the good cooperation between the different groups and institutes at HZB. This is how we managed to develop these new tandem solar cells entirely at HZB and once again get the world record."

Read the full story Posted: Nov 22,2021

Unique ETL enables efficient flexible perovskite solar cells

A group of scientists, led by Prof. Yiqiang Zhan from Fudan University, has reported high-efficiency flexible perovskite solar cells (f-PSCs) by annealing a SnO2 ETL in a rough vacuum at a low temperature (100 '), and peak efficiency reached 20.14%.

SnO2 layers that have been prepared by this method have shown higher robustness and hydrophobicity in comparison with samples prepared in an air atmosphere and temperatures of 100 °C, leading to an improved ETL/perovskite interface connection and reducing defects in the SnO2/perovskite interface. The appropriate density of oxygen vacancies on the surface during this treatment can be responsible for higher conductivity, which is beneficial for charge transfer.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 21,2021

Researchers explore ETL-free and HTL-free inverted perovskite solar cells

Researchers from Professor Lioz Etgar's group at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem have recently studied the effects of electron transport layers (ETLs) and hole transport layer (ETLs) on the performance of inverted perovskite-based SC structures.

Perosvkite panel - inverted structure, ETL-free and HTL-free image

They focused on the inverted architecture, where the ETL and the HTL from the solar cell structure are eliminated. Three main architectures of were studied: a fully inverted structure, an ETL-free structure, and a HTL-free structure.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 17,2021

Researchers show how tweaking a perovskite material's properties can result in better electronic devices

Researchers from Korea, led by Prof. Bongjin Simon Mun from Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, have used ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (AP-XPS) and low energy electron diffraction (LEED) to investigate how fabrication conditions (annealing in an oxygen-rich environment and an oxygen deficit, low-pressure environment) for a particular perovskite material, SrTiO3, affects its undoped surface and the resulting interfacial layer of the heterostructure.

Certain perovskites can be promising alternatives to silicon-based components for next generation electronic applications. Their structure makes them ideal for use as a base for growing oxide films to form heterostructures with unique electrical properties. The properties of these heterostructures depend on the charge transfer in the interfacial layer between the perovskite substrate and oxide overlayer. This charge transfer can be manipulated via either doping or through the fabrication process.

Read the full story Posted: Nov 17,2021