Researchers focus on stabilization of photoactive phases to improve perovskite photovoltaics

Researchers from the University of Surrey, University of Toronto, University of Stuttgart and Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology have found that stabilizing the perovskite "photoactive phases" – the specific part of the material that is responsible for converting light energy into electrical energy – is the key step towards extending the lifespan of perovskite solar cells. The stability of the photoactive phase is important because if it degrades or breaks down over time, the solar cell will not be able to generate electricity efficiently. Therefore, stabilizing the photoactive phase is a critical step in improving the longevity and effectiveness of perovskite solar cells.

In the study, the team assessed the current understanding of these phase instabilities and summarized the approaches for stabilizing the desired phases, covering aspects from fundamental research to device engineering. The scientists subsequently analyzed the remaining challenges for perovskite PVs and demonstrated the opportunities to enhance phase stability with ongoing materials discovery and in operando analysis. Finally, the team proposed future directions towards upscaling perovskite modules, multijunction PVs and other potential applications.


Dr. Xueping Liu, the first author at the Advanced Technology Institute, University of Surrey, said: "Perovskite solar cells are not yet as reliable as traditional solar cells, even though they are more efficient at converting sunlight into electricity. To make these cells more reliable, it is important to understand why they are unstable and to find ways to control how they are made to prevent them from breaking down over time. This research aims to do just that by better understanding the cells' stability and how to improve their design. By doing this, perovskite solar cells could be used on a larger scale, helping to provide more clean energy for everyone."

Dr. Wei Zhang, the main corresponding author and project lead from the University of Surrey, said: "The scientific community will have to work on breaking through the stability bottleneck of perovskite materials. Revisiting scientific mechanisms of phase instability and seeking opportunities derived from light harvesting material will potentially trigger the evolution of the next generation perovskite PVs."

Posted: Apr 27,2023 by Roni Peleg